Physical Activity Improves Borderline Ankle-Brachial Index Values in a Cardiovascular Risk Population

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/223932

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Heikkila , A , Venermo , M , Kautiainen , H , Aarnio , P & Korhonen , P 2016 , ' Physical Activity Improves Borderline Ankle-Brachial Index Values in a Cardiovascular Risk Population ' , Annals of Vascular Surgery , vol. 32 , pp. 50-56 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2015.11.004

Title: Physical Activity Improves Borderline Ankle-Brachial Index Values in a Cardiovascular Risk Population
Author: Heikkila, Arto; Venermo, Maarit; Kautiainen, Hannu; Aarnio, Pertti; Korhonen, Paivi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
Date: 2016-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Annals of Vascular Surgery
ISSN: 0890-5096
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/223932
Abstract: Background: Peripheral, arterial disease (PAD) is an underdiagnosed and undertreated disease because it remains asymptomatic for so long. The ankle brachial index (ABI) is a valid method for detecting PAD: in lower extremities. ABI Methods: A total of 193 subjects with borderline ABI were examined in 2005-2006. None of them had previously diagnosed diabetes, cardiovascular or renal disease or intermittent claudication. They were given conventional treatment for multiple risk factors of cardiovascular diseases (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, elevated blood glucose, smoking, and overweight). Sixty-four percent of these subjects (n = 1.23) attended a follow-up visit in 2012. Results: Of the 123 subjects with borderline ABI (mean age 59.0 years, 62% female) at baseline, 18 (15%, 95% confidence intervals {Cl] 9%-22%) developed incident PAD during the follow-up. The mean ABI was 0.97 +/- 0.03 at baseline and 1.01 +/- 0.12 at 7-year follow-up visit. The change in mean ABI was 70:04 (95% CI: 0.03-0.07), P <0.001. ABI improved significantly in 25 (20%) subjects. In multivariate ordered logistic regression analyses high and even moderate leisure-time physical activity :(LTPA; odds ratio 6.15; 95% CI: 1.99-19.1) predicted a rise in ABI in comparison to low LTPA. Conclusions: Physical activity seems to improve significantly ABI values among men and women with borderline ABI (0.91-1.00).
Subject: PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL-DISEASE
HEART-ASSOCIATION
ATHEROSCLEROSIS
MORTALITY
HEALTH
GUIDELINES
MANAGEMENT
EVENTS
SCORE
MEN
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
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