Gender Identity and Sex Role of Patients Operated on for Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias

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Taskinen , S , Suominen , J S & Mattila , A K 2016 , ' Gender Identity and Sex Role of Patients Operated on for Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias ' , Journal of Urology , vol. 196 , no. 2 , pp. 531-535 .

Title: Gender Identity and Sex Role of Patients Operated on for Bladder Exstrophy-Epispadias
Author: Taskinen, Seppo; Suominen, Janne S.; Mattila, Aino K.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
University of Helsinki, Lastenkirurgian yksikkö
Date: 2016-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: Journal of Urology
ISSN: 1527-3792
Abstract: Purpose: We evaluated whether genital deformity has an impact on gender identity and sex role in patients operated on for bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex. Materials and Methods: A total of 62 adolescents and adults operated on for bladder exstrophy-epispadias complex were mailed questionnaires evaluating gender identity (Gender Identity/Gender Dysphoria Questionnaire for Adolescents and Adults) and sex role (Bem Sex Role Inventory). Of the patients 33 responded and the results were compared with 99 gender matched controls. Results: On the gender identity questionnaire female patients had median scores similar to those of their gender matched controls (4.93 vs 4.89, p = 0.412) but in males the score was lower compared to controls (4.87 vs 4.96, p = 0.023), indicating somewhat more conflicted gender identity. However, no patient had gender dysphoria. Female sex role index was higher in female patients vs controls (5.9 vs 5.3, p = 0.003) but was comparable between male patients and controls (5.2 vs 5.0, p = 0.459). Masculine sex role indices were comparable between female patients and controls as well as between male patients and controls. Of 32 patients 17 were considered to have androgynous sex role, as were 24 of 97 controls (p = 0.004). The exact diagnosis (bladder exstrophy or epispadias) or dissatisfaction with appearance of the genitals had no impact on gender identity or on sex role indices. Conclusions: Male patients had lower gender identity scores compared to controls and female sex role was enhanced among female patients. Androgynous sex role was more common in patients vs controls. Gender dysphoria was not noted in any patient.
Subject: bladder exstrophy
disorders of sex development
gender identity
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology

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