Dietary patterns are associated with various vascular health markers and complications in type 1 diabetes

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/224125

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Ahola , A J , Freese , R , Mäkimattila , S , Forsblom , C , Groop , P-H & FinnDiane Study Grp 2016 , ' Dietary patterns are associated with various vascular health markers and complications in type 1 diabetes ' , Journal of Diabetes and its Complications , vol. 30 , no. 6 , pp. 1144-1150 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2016.03.028

Title: Dietary patterns are associated with various vascular health markers and complications in type 1 diabetes
Author: Ahola, Aila J.; Freese, Riitta; Mäkimattila, Sari; Forsblom, Carol; Groop, Per-Henrik; FinnDiane Study Grp
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Nefrologian yksikkö
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2016-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
ISSN: 1056-8727
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/224125
Abstract: Aims: Diet plays an important role in the management of type 1 diabetes. However, the association between dietary intake and health has not been extensively studied in this population. We studied the cross-sectional association between dietary factors, and selected vascular health markers and complications in type 1 diabetes. Methods: Data from 874 individuals with type 1 diabetes participating in the FinnDiane Study were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a self-reported questionnaire and a diet score, expressing the extent to which individuals adhered to the dietary recommendations, was calculated. Diet questionnaire was also used to reveal dietary patterns using factor analysis. Results: Seven factors with high degree of inter-correlation were formed; healthy, traditional, vegetable, sweets, modern, low-fat cheese, and fish and eggs. In multivariate models, higher diet score and healthy factor score were associated with better glycaemic control. Higher diet score was associated with higher, while sweets, and fish and eggs patterns were associated with lower systolic blood pressure. Healthy, sweets, and fish and eggs factors were additionally associated with lower diastolic blood pressure. Conclusions: Closer adherence to the dietary recommendations, and a diet high in fresh vegetables, fruits and berries, cooked vegetables, fish dishes, and yoghurt may be beneficial for the glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes. Moreover, a diet pattern with fish and eggs may have beneficial effects for blood pressure. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc.
Subject: Complications
Dietary pattern
Dietary recommendations
Type 1 diabetes
Vascular health markers
TIME PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
GLYCEMIC CONTROL
RISK-FACTORS
ADULTS
WOMEN
FOOD
INDICATORS
GUIDELINES
FINNDIANE
MELLITUS
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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