Mycolactone subverts immunity by selectively blocking the Sec61 translocon

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Baron , L , Paatero , A O , Morel , J-D , Impens , F , Guenin-Mace , L , Saint-Auret , S , Blanchard , N , Dillmann , R , Niang , F , Pellegrini , S , Taunton , J , Paavilainen , V O & Demangel , C 2016 , ' Mycolactone subverts immunity by selectively blocking the Sec61 translocon ' , Journal of Experimental Medicine , vol. 213 , no. 13 , pp. 2885-2896 . https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20160662

Title: Mycolactone subverts immunity by selectively blocking the Sec61 translocon
Author: Baron, Ludivine; Paatero, Anja Onerva; Morel, Jean-David; Impens, Francis; Guenin-Mace, Laure; Saint-Auret, Sarah; Blanchard, Nicolas; Dillmann, Rabea; Niang, Fatoumata; Pellegrini, Sandra; Taunton, Jack; Paavilainen, Ville O.; Demangel, Caroline
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
Date: 2016-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Journal of Experimental Medicine
ISSN: 0022-1007
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.20160662
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/224149
Abstract: Mycolactone, an immunosuppressive macrolide released by the human pathogen Mycobacterium ulcerans, was previously shown to impair Sec61-dependent protein translocation, but the underlying molecular mechanism was not identified. In this study, we show that mycolactone directly targets the alpha subunit of the Sec61 translocon to block the production of secreted and integral membrane proteins with high potency. We identify a single-amino acid mutation conferring resistance to mycolactone, which localizes its interaction site near the lumenal plug of Sec61 alpha. Quantitative proteomics reveals that during T cell activation, mycolactone-mediated Sec61 blockade affects a selective subset of secretory proteins including key signal-transmitting receptors and adhesion molecules. Expression of mutant Sec61 alpha in mycolactone-treated T cells rescued their homing potential and effector functions. Furthermore, when expressed in macrophages, the mycolactone-resistant mutant restored IFN-gamma receptor-mediated antimicrobial responses. Thus, our data provide definitive genetic evidence that Sec61 is the host receptor mediating the diverse immunomodulatory effects of mycolactone and identify Sec61 as a novel regulator of immune cell functions.
Subject: PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION
MYCOBACTERIUM-ULCERANS
BURULI ULCER
ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM
COTRANSLATIONAL TRANSLOCATION
PERIPHERAL-BLOOD
INHIBITION
INFECTION
VIRULENCE
MEMBRANES
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
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