PROTAX-Sound : A probabilistic framework for automated animal sound identification

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de Camargo , U M , Somervuo , P & Ovaskainen , O 2017 , ' PROTAX-Sound : A probabilistic framework for automated animal sound identification ' , PLoS One , vol. 12 , no. 9 , 0184048 .

Title: PROTAX-Sound : A probabilistic framework for automated animal sound identification
Author: de Camargo, Ulisses Moliterno; Somervuo, Panu; Ovaskainen, Otso
Contributor organization: Biosciences
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Otso Ovaskainen / Principal Investigator
Centre of Excellence in Metapopulation Research
Date: 2017-09-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
Abstract: Autonomous audio recording is stimulating new field in bioacoustics, with a great promise for conducting cost-effective species surveys. One major current challenge is the lack of reliable classifiers capable of multi-species identification. We present PROTAX-Sound, a statistical framework to perform probabilistic classification of animal sounds. PROTAX-Sound is based on a multinomial regression model, and it can utilize as predictors any kind of sound features or classifications produced by other existing algorithms. PROTAX-Sound combines audio and image processing techniques to scan environmental audio files. It identifies regions of interest (a segment of the audio file that contains a vocalization to be classified), extracts acoustic features from them and compares with samples in a reference database. The output of PROTAX-Sound is the probabilistic classification of each vocalization, including the possibility that it represents species not present in the reference database. We demonstrate the performance of PROTAX-Sound by classifying audio from a species-rich case study of tropical birds. The best performing classifier achieved 68% classification accuracy for 200 bird species. PROTAX-Sound improves the classification power of current techniques by combining information from multiple classifiers in a manner that yields calibrated classification probabilities.
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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