On the energetics of P-P bond dissociation of sterically strained tetraamino-diphosphanes

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Blum , M , Puntigam , O , Plebst , S , Ehret , F , Bender , J , Nieger , M & Gudat , D 2016 , ' On the energetics of P-P bond dissociation of sterically strained tetraamino-diphosphanes ' , Dalton Transactions , vol. 45 , no. 5 , pp. 1987-1997 . https://doi.org/10.1039/c5dt02854j

Title: On the energetics of P-P bond dissociation of sterically strained tetraamino-diphosphanes
Author: Blum, M.; Puntigam, O.; Plebst, S.; Ehret, F.; Bender, J.; Nieger, M.; Gudat, D.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Chemistry
Date: 2016
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: Dalton Transactions
ISSN: 1477-9226
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/224646
Abstract: The homolytic P-P bond fission in a series of sterically congested tetraaminodiphosphanes (R2N)(2)P-P-(NR2)(2) ({4}(2)-{9}(2), two of which were newly synthesized and fully characterized) into diaminophosphanyl radicals (R2N)(2)P-center dot (4-9) was monitored by VT EPR spectroscopy. Determination of the radical concentration from the EPR spectra permitted to calculate free dissociation energies Delta G(Diss)(295) as well as dissociation enthalpies Delta H-Diss and entropies Delta S-Diss, respectively. Large positive values of Delta G(Diss)(295) indicate that the degree of dissociation is in most cases low, and the concentration of persistent radicals - even if they are spectroscopically observable at ambient temperature - remains small. Appreciable dissociation was established only for the sterically highly congested acyclic derivative {9}(2). Analysis of the trends in experimental data in connection with DFT studies indicate that radical formation is favoured by large entropy contributions and the energetic effect of structural relaxation (geometrical distortions and conformational changes in acyclic derivatives) in the radicals, and disfavoured by attractive dispersion forces. Comparison of the energetics of formation for CC-saturated N-heterocyclic diphosphanes and the 7 pi-radical 3c indicates that the effect of energetic stabilization by pi-electron delocalization in the latter is visible, but stands back behind those of steric and entropic contributions. Evaluation of spectroscopic and computational data indicates that diaminophosphanyl radicals exhibit, in contrast to aminophosphenium cations, no strong energetic preference for a planar arrangement of the (R2N)(2)P unit.
Subject: DENSITY FUNCTIONALS
METAL-COMPLEXES
RADICALS
LIGANDS
PERSISTENT
REACTIVITY
CHEMISTRY
RESONANCE
ELEMENTS
PHASE
116 Chemical sciences
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