Population- and individual-level dynamics of the intestinal microbiota of a small primate

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Aivelo , T J E , Laakkonen , J T & Jernvall , J T 2016 , ' Population- and individual-level dynamics of the intestinal microbiota of a small primate ' , Applied and Environmental Microbiology , vol. 82 , no. 12 , pp. 3537-3545 . https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00559-16

Title: Population- and individual-level dynamics of the intestinal microbiota of a small primate
Author: Aivelo, Tuomas Juho Eero; Laakkonen, Juha Tapio; Jernvall, Jukka Tapani
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
Date: 2016-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
ISSN: 0099-2240
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/224716
Abstract: Longitudinal sampling for intestinal microbiota in wild animals is difficult, leading to a lack of information on bacterial dynamics occurring in nature. We studied how the composition of microbiota communities changed temporally in free-ranging small primates, rufous mouse lemurs (Microcebus rufus). We marked and recaptured mouse lemurs during their mating season in Ranomafana National Park in southeastern mountainous rainforests of Madagascar for 2 years and determined the fecal microbiota compositions of these mouse lemurs with MiSeq sequencing. We collected 160 fecal samples from 71 animals and had two or more samples from 39 individuals. We found small, but statistically significant, effects of site and age on microbiota richness and diversity and effects of sex, year, and site on microbiota composition, while the within-year temporal trends were less clear. Within-host microbiota showed pervasive variation in intestinal bacterial community composition, especially during the second study year. We hypothesize that the biological properties of mouse lemurs, including their small body size and fast metabolism, may contribute to the temporal intraindividual-level variation, something that should be testable with more-extensive sampling regimes.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
longitudinal study
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
microbiota
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