The Eating Disorder Inventory in the screening for DSM-5 binge eating disorder

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225166

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Mustelin , L , Kärkkäinen , U , Kaprio , J & Keski-Rahkonen , A 2016 , ' The Eating Disorder Inventory in the screening for DSM-5 binge eating disorder ' , Eating behaviors , vol. 22 , pp. 145-148 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2016.06.011

Title: The Eating Disorder Inventory in the screening for DSM-5 binge eating disorder
Author: Mustelin, Linda; Kärkkäinen, Ulla; Kaprio, Jaakko; Keski-Rahkonen, Anna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2016-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 4
Belongs to series: Eating behaviors
ISSN: 1471-0153
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225166
Abstract: Background: We assessed whether the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) is suitable for screening binge eating disorder (BED) in young women. Method: Young women (N = 2825) from the 1975-79 birth cohorts of Finnish twins were assessed by questionnaires, including subscales of the EDI. For a subset of women (N = 548), we established DSM-5 diagnoses of BED; 16 women had lifetime BED. We compared screening properties of the EDI scales using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, determined optimal cutoff points, and calculated sensitivities and specificities. Results: The best screen for DSM-5 BED was the global score of three subscales (Bulimia, Drive for Thinness, Body Dissatisfaction) with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.86. Its sensitivity was 87% and specificity 76% at cutoff >= 21. Three individual subscales had acceptable screening properties: Bulimia (AUC 0.83; sensitivity 80%, specificity 78% at cutoff >= 2), Drive For Thinness (AUC 0.82; sensitivity 87%, specificity 72% at cutoff >= 7), and Body Dissatisfaction (AUC 0.81; sensitivity 93%, specificity 60% at cutoff >= 8). Conclusion: The EDI performed well as a screening tool for BED in our community-based sample of young twin women. Future studies should assess its value in other populations and in clinical settings. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Binge eating disorder
Screening
Sensitivity and specificity
Eating Disorder Inventory
Community-based study
ANOREXIA-NERVOSA
COMMUNITY SAMPLE
BULIMIA-NERVOSA
QUESTIONNAIRE
SCALE
RISK
POPULATION
BEHAVIORS
VERSION
EDI-3
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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