Greenhouse gas emissions from organic acid sulphate soil as limited by bioavailable carbon and nitrogen

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http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201710105521
Title: Greenhouse gas emissions from organic acid sulphate soil as limited by bioavailable carbon and nitrogen
Author: Kabir, Kazi Md. Jahangir
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Food and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Helsingin yliopisto
Date: 2017
Language: eng
URI: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:hulib-201710105521
http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225304
Thesis level: master's thesis
Discipline: Maaperä- ja ympäristötiede
Environmental Soil Science
Mark- och miljövetenskap
Abstract: Plenty of CO2 is commonly emitted from cultivated peat soils and substantial N2O emissions have occasionally been measured from acid sulphate soils. The factors limiting the emission of CO2 and N2O from the different layers of organic acid sulphate soil in Pärnänsuo were studied by aerobic and anaerobic incubation experiments. Two topsoil peat layers (upper and lower) and two mineral soil layers (upper and lower) were investigated. An aerobic experiment was carried out to see the emission of CO2 and N2O after application of glucose and ammonium, at two different temperatures (5o and 20o C). The water content of the soils was adjusted to 60% water- filled pore space (WFPS). Anaerobic experiment was carried out to assess the denitrification potential of different layers and the effect of glucose and nitrate alone and in combination as at 20oC using the acetylene inhibition technique. The lower peat layer exhibited more CO2 emission comparing to upper peat in the aerobic experiment. Additionally, in both peat layers and upper mineral soil layer, CO2 emission was increased exceedingly after glucose application. In the anaerobic experiment, potential denitrification from the upper peat was significantly higher than from other soil layers. Besides, the soil layers responded differently to C and N application. N2O emission from the upper peat was limited by easily available C whether it was applied as glucose alone or, in the presence of nitrate. On the contrary, N2O emission from lower peat layer was limited by nitrate with or, without glucose, but not by glucose alone. Both upper and lower mineral soil denitrification was limited by nitrate without glucose or, in combined with glucose, and not by glucose alone. Nitrogen mineralization pattern was different in upper and lower peat. A very high amount of NO3- was found in the upper peat, while there was a high amount of NH4+ in lower peat. Both the NO3- and NH4+ showed an increasing trend in lower mineral comparing to upper mineral, depicting an exceedingly high amount of mineral N at deeper layers
Subject: acid sulphate soils
denitrification
greenhouse gas
N2O
CO2
Peat


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