Nominalism and the Via Moderna in Luther's Theological Work

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dc.contributor.author Kärkkäinen, Pekka Antero
dc.contributor.editor Nelson, Derek R.
dc.contributor.editor Hinlicky, Paul R.
dc.contributor.editor Malcolm, Lois
dc.contributor.editor Mattox, Mickey L.
dc.contributor.editor Saarinen, Risto
dc.contributor.editor Vind, Anna
dc.contributor.editor Zachhuber, Johannes
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-12T13:11:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-12T13:11:00Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Kärkkäinen , P A 2017 , Nominalism and the Via Moderna in Luther's Theological Work . in D R Nelson , P R Hinlicky , L Malcolm , M L Mattox , R Saarinen , A Vind & J Zachhuber (eds) , The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther . vol. 2 , Oxford Research Encyclopedias , Oxford University Press , Oxford , pp. 696-708 . https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199340378.013.266
dc.identifier.other PURE: 70453201
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 43293675-3646-4e62-a16c-8dcd7219dc0c
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-9296-4197/work/39203905
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225762
dc.description.abstract Luther’s adoption of the theology of the via moderna (also called the Nominalists) varied during the late medieval period. This school of thought had developed during the 15th century mainly as a method for interpreting Aristotle and relied on certain 14th-century authorities, such as William of Ockham, John Buridan, Gregory of Rimini, and Peter of Ailly among others. Luther studied philosophy according to the via moderna in Erfurt, where his teachers Jodocus Trutfetter and Bartholomaeus Arnoldi of Usingen represented a position that tolerated the Thomist and Scotist views. The school also featured a specific kind of theology based on its interpretation of Aristotle. Among the most influential theologians in the German via moderna was Gabriel Biel in Tübingen, whose theology was crucial for Luther’s understanding of the school’s positions. Besides Ockham, whom Biel mentioned as his main authority in his Sentences commentary, Biel adopted the positions of several other authors, even outside the common authorities of the via moderna. Other influential theologians and philosophers affiliated with the via moderna were John Mair in Paris and John Eck in Ingolstadt. Later both became adversaries of Luther and the Lutherans, as did Luther’s former teacher Usingen. The University of Wittenberg did not support the via moderna at all. Thomist and Scotist forms of the via antiqua were predominant among its academics, including the later Reformer Andreas Bodenstein of Karlstadt. During his early years as a student in Erfurt, Luther remained largely among the camp of the via moderna. Soon after moving to Wittenberg, Luther developed his criticism of Aristotle and late medieval theology, where his main target was Biel’s theology, especially his doctrine of grace. However, during those years Luther retained much of his early education, including an interpretation of Aristotle in which he adopted several of Ockham’s ideas. During his later years, Luther made use of terminological tools of the via moderna, even when opposing some of its theological positions. en
dc.format.extent 13
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Oxford University Press
dc.relation.ispartof The Oxford Encyclopedia of Martin Luther
dc.relation.ispartofseries Oxford Research Encyclopedias
dc.relation.isversionof 9780190461843
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 614 Theology
dc.subject 611 Philosophy
dc.title Nominalism and the Via Moderna in Luther's Theological Work en
dc.type Chapter
dc.contributor.organization Faculty of Theology
dc.contributor.organization Systematic Theology
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199340378.013.266
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
dc.relation.funder SUOMEN AKATEMIA
dc.relation.grantnumber

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