Vitamin E and the risk of pneumonia : using the I-2 statistic to quantify heterogeneity within a controlled trial

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225861

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Hemila , H 2016 , ' Vitamin E and the risk of pneumonia : using the I-2 statistic to quantify heterogeneity within a controlled trial ' , British Journal of Nutrition , vol. 116 , no. 9 , pp. 1530-1536 . https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114516003408

Title: Vitamin E and the risk of pneumonia : using the I-2 statistic to quantify heterogeneity within a controlled trial
Author: Hemila, Harri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Harri Hemilä / Principal Investigator
Date: 2016-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: British Journal of Nutrition
ISSN: 0007-1145
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/225861
Abstract: Analyses in nutritional epidemiology usually assume a uniform effect of a nutrient. Previously, four subgroups of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study of Finnish male smokers aged 50-69 years were identified in which vitamin E supplementation either significantly increased or decreased the risk of pneumonia. The purpose of this present study was to quantify the level of true heterogeneity in the effect of vitamin E on pneumonia incidence using the I-2 statistic. The I-2 value estimates the percentage of total variation across studies that is explained by true differences in the treatment effect rather than by chance, with a range from 0 to 100 %. The I-2 statistic for the effect of vitamin E supplementation on pneumonia risk for five subgroups of the ATBC population was 89% (95% CI 78, 95 %), indicating that essentially all heterogeneity was true variation in vitamin E effect instead of chance variation. The I-2 statistic for heterogeneity in vitamin E effects on pneumonia risk was 92% (95% CI 80, 97 %) for three other ATBC subgroups defined by smoking level and leisure-time exercise level. Vitamin E decreased pneumonia risk by 69% among participants who had the least exposure to smoking and exercised during leisure time (7.6% of the ATBC participants), and vitamin E increased pneumonia risk by 68% among those who had the highest exposure to smoking and did not exercise (22% of the ATBC participants). These findings refute there being a uniform effect of vitamin E supplementation on the risk of pneumonia.
Subject: Antioxidants
Dietary supplements
Effect modifiers (epidemiology)
Population characteristics
Respiratory tract infections
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
RESPIRATORY-TRACT INFECTIONS
E SUPPLEMENTATION
SUBGROUP ANALYSES
CLINICAL-TRIALS
MALE SMOKERS
IMMUNE-RESPONSE
PATIENT-LEVEL
BETA-CAROTENE
C INTAKE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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