Early snowmelt significantly enhances boreal springtime carbon uptake

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Pulliainen , J , Aurela , M , Laurila , T , Aalto , T , Takala , M , Salminen , M , Kulmala , M , Barr , A , Heimann , M , Lindroth , A , Laaksonen , A , Derksen , C , Mäkelä , A , Markkanen , T , Lemmetyinen , J , Susiluoto , J , Dengel , S , Mammarella , I , Tuovinen , J-P & Vesala , T 2017 , ' Early snowmelt significantly enhances boreal springtime carbon uptake ' , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , vol. 114 , no. 42 , pp. 11081-11086 . https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1707889114

Title: Early snowmelt significantly enhances boreal springtime carbon uptake
Author: Pulliainen, Jouni; Aurela, Mika; Laurila, Tuomas; Aalto, Tuula; Takala, Matias; Salminen, Miia; Kulmala, Markku; Barr, Alan; Heimann, Martin; Lindroth, Anders; Laaksonen, Ari; Derksen, Chris; Mäkelä, Annikki; Markkanen, Tiina; Lemmetyinen, Juha; Susiluoto, Jouni; Dengel, Sigrid; Mammarella, Ivan; Tuovinen, Juha-Pekka; Vesala, Timo
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2017-10-17
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
ISSN: 0027-8424
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228249
Abstract: We determine the annual timing of spring recovery from space-borne microwave radiometer observations across northern hemisphere boreal evergreen forests for 1979-2014. We find a trend of advanced spring recovery of carbon uptake for this period, with a total average shift of 8.1 d (2.3 d/decade). We use this trend to estimate the corresponding changes in gross primary production (GPP) by applying in situ carbon flux observations. Micrometeoro-logical CO2 measurements at four sites in northern Europe and North America indicate that such an advance in spring recovery would have increased the January-June GPP sum by 29 g.C.m(-2) [8.4 g.C.m(-2) (3.7%)/decade]. We find this sensitivity of the measured springtime GPP to the spring recovery to be in accordance with the corresponding sensitivity derived from simulations with a land ecosystem model coupled to a global circulation model. The model-predicted increase in springtime cumulative GPP was 0.035 Pg/decade [15.5 g.C.m(-2) (6.8%)/decade] for Eurasian forests and 0.017 Pg/decade for forests in North America [9.8 g.C.m(-2) (4.4%)/decade]. This change in the springtime sum of GPP related to the timing of spring snowmelt is quantified here for boreal evergreen forests.
Subject: carbon uptake
earth observation
snowmelt
MICROWAVE RADIOMETER DATA
NORTHERN-HEMISPHERE
CONIFEROUS FORESTS
WATER EQUIVALENT
GROWING-SEASON
CLIMATE
CO2
TEMPERATURE
ASSIMILATION
CALIBRATION
114 Physical sciences
4112 Forestry
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