Permanent work disability before and after ischaemic heart disease or stroke event : a nationwide population-based cohort study in Sweden

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228280

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Ervasti , J , Virtanen , M , Lallukka , T , Friberg , E , Mittendorfer-Rutz , E , Lundstrom , E & Alexanderson , K 2017 , ' Permanent work disability before and after ischaemic heart disease or stroke event : a nationwide population-based cohort study in Sweden ' , BMJ Open , vol. 7 , no. 9 , 017910 . https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017910

Title: Permanent work disability before and after ischaemic heart disease or stroke event : a nationwide population-based cohort study in Sweden
Author: Ervasti, Jenni; Virtanen, Marianna; Lallukka, Tea; Friberg, Emilie; Mittendorfer-Rutz, Ellenor; Lundstrom, Erik; Alexanderson, Kristina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2017-09
Language: eng
Number of pages: 9
Belongs to series: BMJ Open
ISSN: 2044-6055
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228280
Abstract: Objectives We examined the risk of disability pension before and after ischaemic heart disease (IHD) or stroke event, the burden of stroke compared with IHD and which factors predicted disability pension after either event. Design A population-based cohort study with follow-up 5 years before and after the event. Register data were analysed with general linear modelling with binary and Poisson distributions including interaction tests for event type (IHD/stroke). Setting and participants All people living in Sweden, aged 25-60 years at the first event year, who had been living in Sweden for 5 years before the event and had no indication of IHD or stroke prior to the index event in 2006-2008 were included, except for cases in which death occurred within 30 days of the event. People with both IHD and stroke were excluded, resulting in 18 480 cases of IHD (65%) and 9750 stroke cases (35%). Primary outcome measures Disability pension. Results Of those going to suffer IHD or stroke event, 25% were already on disability pension a year before the event. The adjusted OR for disability pension at first postevent year was 2.64-fold (95% CI 2.25 to 3.11) for people with stroke compared with IHD. Economic inactivity predicted disability pension regardless of event type (OR=3.40; 95% CI 2.85 to 4.04). Comorbid mental disorder was associated with the greatest risk (OR=3.60; 95% CI 2.69 to 4.83) after an IHD event. Regarding stroke, medical procedure, a proxy for event severity, was the largest contributor (OR=2.27, 95% CI 1.43 to 3.60). Conclusions While IHD event was more common, stroke involved more permanent work disability. Demographic, socioeconomic and comorbidity-related factors were associated with disability pension both before and after the event. The results help occupational and other healthcare professionals to identify vulnerable groups at risk for permanent labour market exclusion after such an event.
Subject: FACTORS INFLUENCING RETURN
MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
FOLLOW-UP
PENSION
PREDICTORS
HEALTH
WOMEN
RISK
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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