Increase in Synchronization of Autonomic Rhythms between Individuals When Listening to Music

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Bernardi , N F , Codrons , E , di Leo , R , Vandoni , M , Cavallaro , F , Vita , G & Bernardi , L 2017 , ' Increase in Synchronization of Autonomic Rhythms between Individuals When Listening to Music ' , Frontiers in Physiology , vol. 8 , 785 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00785

Title: Increase in Synchronization of Autonomic Rhythms between Individuals When Listening to Music
Author: Bernardi, Nicolo F.; Codrons, Erwan; di Leo, Rita; Vandoni, Matteo; Cavallaro, Filippo; Vita, Giuseppe; Bernardi, Luciano
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics
Date: 2017-10-17
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Physiology
ISSN: 1664-042X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228331
Abstract: In light of theories postulating a role formusic in forming emotional and social bonds, here we investigated whether endogenous rhythms synchronize between multiple individuals when listening to music. Cardiovascular and respiratory recordings were taken from multiple individuals (musically trained or music-naive) simultaneously, at rest and during a live concert comprisingmusic excerpts with varying degrees of complexity of the acoustic envelope. Inter-individual synchronization of cardiorespiratory rhythms showed a subtle but reliable increase during passively listening to music compared to baseline. The low-level auditory features of the music were largely responsible for creating or disrupting such synchronism, explaining similar to 80% of its variance, over and beyond subjective musical preferences and previous musical training. Listening to simple rhythms and melodies, which largely dominate the choice of music during rituals and mass events, brings individuals together in terms of their physiological rhythms, which could explain why music is widely used to favor social bonds.
Subject: music
group synchronization
cardiovascular rhythms
music listening
respiratory rhythms
generalized partial directed coherence
physiological rhythms
PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSES
REFLECTIONS
PREFERENCE
CORRELATE
EVOLUTION
STIMULI
CONTEXT
3111 Biomedicine
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
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