Pine Nuts : A Review of Recent Sanitary Conditions and Market Development

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228885

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Awan , H U M & Pettenella , D 2017 , ' Pine Nuts : A Review of Recent Sanitary Conditions and Market Development ' , Forests , vol. 8 , no. 10 , 367 . https://doi.org/10.3390/f8100367

Title: Pine Nuts : A Review of Recent Sanitary Conditions and Market Development
Author: Awan, Hafiz Umair Masood; Pettenella, Davide
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
Date: 2017-10
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: Forests
ISSN: 1999-4907
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/228885
Abstract: Pine nuts are non-wood forest products (NWFP) with a constantly growing market notwithstanding a series of phytosanitary issues and related trade problems. The aim of this paper is to review the literature on the relationship between phytosanitary problems and trade development. Production and trade of pine nuts in Mediterranean Europe have been negatively affected by the spreading of Diplodia sapinea (a fungus) associated with an adventive insect Leptoglossus occidentalis (fungal vector), with impacts on forest management, production and profitability and thus in value chain organization. Reduced availability of domestic production in markets with a growing demand has stimulated the import of pine nuts. China has become a leading exporter of pine nuts, but its export is affected by a symptom caused by the nuts of some pine species: pine nut syndrome' (PNS). Most of the studies mentioned in the literature review concern PNS occurrence associated with the nuts of Pinus armandii. We highlight the need for a comprehensive and interdisciplinary approach to the analysis of the pine nuts value chain organization, where research on food properties and clinical toxicology may be connected to breeding and forest management, forest pathology and entomology, and trade development.
Subject: pine nut
pine nut syndrome (PNS)
pine mouth syndrome (PMS)
cacogeusia
non-wood forest products
Leptoglossus occidentalis (Western conifer seed bug)
Diplodia sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)
LEPTOGLOSSUS-OCCIDENTALIS HETEROPTERA
CONIFER SEED BUG
EASTERN RANGE EXTENSION
FATTY-ACID PROFILE
SPHAEROPSIS-SAPINEA
HEIDEMANN HETEROPTERA
TASTE DISTURBANCE
FOOD-PRODUCTS
COREIDAE
CONE
4112 Forestry
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