Neurophysiologic markers of primary motor cortex for laryngeal muscles and premotor cortex in caudal opercular part of inferior frontal gyrus investigated in motor speech disorder : a navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) study

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Vidakovic , M R , Jerkovic , A , Juric , T , Vujovic , I , Soda , J , Erceg , N , Bubic , A , Schonwald , M Z , Lioumis , P , Gabelica , D & Dogas , Z 2016 , ' Neurophysiologic markers of primary motor cortex for laryngeal muscles and premotor cortex in caudal opercular part of inferior frontal gyrus investigated in motor speech disorder : a navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) study ' Cognitive Processing , vol. 17 , no. 4 , pp. 429-442 . DOI: 10.1007/s10339-016-0766-5

Title: Neurophysiologic markers of primary motor cortex for laryngeal muscles and premotor cortex in caudal opercular part of inferior frontal gyrus investigated in motor speech disorder : a navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) study
Author: Vidakovic, Maja Rogic; Jerkovic, Ana; Juric, Tomislav; Vujovic, Igor; Soda, Josko; Erceg, Nikola; Bubic, Andreja; Schonwald, Marina Zmajevic; Lioumis, Pantelis; Gabelica, Dragan; Dogas, Zoran
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, BioMag Laboratory


Date: 2016-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Cognitive Processing
ISSN: 1612-4782
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10339-016-0766-5
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/229024
Abstract: Transcranial magnetic stimulation studies have so far reported the results of mapping the primary motor cortex (M1) for hand and tongue muscles in stuttering disorder. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of repetitive navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for locating the M1 for laryngeal muscle and premotor cortical area in the caudal opercular part of inferior frontal gyrus, corresponding to Broca's area in stuttering subjects by applying new methodology for mapping these motor speech areas. Sixteen stuttering and eleven control subjects underwent rTMS motor speech mapping using modified patterned rTMS. The subjects performed visual object naming task during rTMS applied to the (a) left M1 for laryngeal muscles for recording corticobulbar motor-evoked potentials (CoMEP) from cricothyroid muscle and (b) left premotor cortical area in the caudal opercular part of inferior frontal gyrus while recording long latency responses (LLR) from cricothyroid muscle. The latency of CoMEP in control subjects was 11.75 +/- A 2.07 ms and CoMEP amplitude was 294.47 +/- A 208.87 A mu V, and in stuttering subjects CoMEP latency was 12.13 +/- A 0.75 ms and 504.64 +/- A 487.93 A mu V CoMEP amplitude. The latency of LLR in control subjects was 52.8 +/- A 8.6 ms and 54.95 +/- A 4.86 in stuttering subjects. No significant differences were found in CoMEP latency, CoMEP amplitude, and LLR latency between stuttering and control-fluent speakers. These results indicate there are probably no differences in stuttering compared to controls in functional anatomy of the pathway used for transmission of information from premotor cortex to the M1 cortices for laryngeal muscle representation and from there via corticobulbar tract to laryngeal muscles.
Subject: Motor speech disorder
Stuttering
Primary motor cortex
Premotor cortex
Laryngeal muscles
Transcranial magnetic stimulation
POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY
BROCAS AREA
CRICOTHYROID MUSCLES
EVOKED-POTENTIALS
FLUENT SPEAKERS
STUTTER
EXCITABILITY
CHILDREN
ANATOMY
BRAIN
6162 Cognitive science
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