Context-dependent articulation of consonant gemination in Estonian

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/229031

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Türk , H , Lippus , P & Simko , J 2017 , ' Context-dependent articulation of consonant gemination in Estonian ' , Laboratory phonology , vol. 8 , no. 1 , 26 . https://doi.org/10.5334/labphon.117

Title: Context-dependent articulation of consonant gemination in Estonian
Author: Türk, Helen; Lippus, Pärtel; Simko, Juraj
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Modern Languages 2010-2017
Date: 2017-11-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 26
Belongs to series: Laboratory phonology
ISSN: 1868-6346
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/229031
Abstract: The three-way quantity system is a well-known phonological feature of Estonian. In a number of studies it has been shown that quantity is realized in a disyllabic foot by the stressed-to-unstressed syllable rhyme duration ratio and also by pitch movement as the secondary cue. The stressed syllable rhyme duration is achieved by combining the length of the vowel and the coda consonant, which enables minimal septets of CVCV-sequences based on segmental duration. In this study we analyze articulatory (EMA) recordings from four native Estonian speakers producing all possible quantity combinations of intervocalic bilabial stops in two vocalic contexts (/alpha-i/ vs. /i-alpha/). The analysis shows that kinematic characteristics (gesture duration, spatial extent, and peak velocity) are primarily affected by quantity on the segmental level: Phonologically longer segments are produced by longer and larger lip closing gestures and, in reverse, shorter and smaller lip opening movements. Tongue transition gesture is consistently lengthened and slowed down by increasing consonant quantity. In general, both kinematic characteristics and intergestural coordination are influenced by non-linear interactions between segmental quantity levels as well as vocalic context.
Subject: phonological quantity
three-way quantity
Estonian
articulation
COARTICULATION
LIP
KINEMATICS
QUANTITY
DURATION
COORDINATION
MOVEMENTS
CONTRAST
JAPANESE
STOP
6161 Phonetics
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