Dual array EEG-fMRI : An approach for motion artifact suppression in EEG recorded simultaneously with fMRI

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Klovatch-Podlipsky , I , Gazit , T , Fahoum , F , Tsirelson , B , Kipervasser , S , Kremer , U , Ben-Zeev , B , Goldberg-Stern , H , Eisenstein , O , Harpaz , Y , Levy , O , Kirschner , A , Neufeld , M Y , Fried , I , Hendler , T & Medvedovsky , M 2016 , ' Dual array EEG-fMRI : An approach for motion artifact suppression in EEG recorded simultaneously with fMRI ' , NeuroImage , vol. 142 , pp. 674-686 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.07.014

Title: Dual array EEG-fMRI : An approach for motion artifact suppression in EEG recorded simultaneously with fMRI
Author: Klovatch-Podlipsky, Ilana; Gazit, Tomer; Fahoum, Firas; Tsirelson, Boris; Kipervasser, Svetlana; Kremer, Uri; Ben-Zeev, Bruria; Goldberg-Stern, Hadassah; Eisenstein, Orna; Harpaz, Yuval; Levy, Ory; Kirschner, Adi; Neufeld, Miriam Y.; Fried, Itzhak; Hendler, Talma; Medvedovsky, Mordekhay
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, BioMag Laboratory

Date: 2016-11-15
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: NeuroImage
ISSN: 1053-8119
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.07.014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/229300
Abstract: Objective: Although simultaneous recording of EEG and MRI has gained increasing popularity in recent years, the extent of its clinical use remains limited by various technical challenges. Motion interference is one of the major challenges in EEG-fMRI. Here we present an approach which reduces its impact with the aid of an MR compatible dual-array EEG (daEEG) in which the EEG itself is used both as a brain signal recorder and a motion sensor. Methods: We implemented two arrays of EEG electrodes organized into two sets of nearly orthogonally intersecting wire bundles. The EEG was recorded using referential amplifiers inside a 3 T MR-scanner. Virtual bipolar measurements were taken both along bundles (creating a small wire loop and therefore minimizing artifact) and across bundles (creating a large wire loop and therefore maximizing artifact). Independent component analysis (ICA) was applied. The resulting ICA components were classified into brain signal and noise using three criteria: 1) degree of two-dimensional spatial correlation between ICA coefficients along bundles and across bundles; 2) amplitude along bundles vs. across bundles; 3) correlation with ECG. The components which passed the criteria set were transformed back to the channel space. Motion artifact suppression and the ability to detect interictal epileptic spikes following daEEG and Optimal Basis Set (OBS) procedures were compared in 10 patients with epilepsy. Results: The SNR achieved by daEEG was 11.05 +/- 3.10 and by OBS was 8.25 +/- 1.01 (p <0.00001). In 9 of 10 patients, more spikes were detected after daEEG than after OBS (p <0.05). Significance: daEEG improves signal quality in EEG-fMRI recordings, expanding its clinical and research potential. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: EEG
3112 Neurosciences

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