Sukupuoli ja syntyvyyden retoriikka Venäjällä ja Suomessa 1995-2010

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Isola , A-M 2013 , ' Sukupuoli ja syntyvyyden retoriikka Venäjällä ja Suomessa 1995-2010 ' , Helsinki .

Title: Sukupuoli ja syntyvyyden retoriikka Venäjällä ja Suomessa 1995-2010
Author: Isola, Anna-Maria
Contributor organization: Yhteiskuntapolitiikka
Date: 2013
Language: fin
Belongs to series: Sosiaalitieteiden laitoksen julkaisuja 2013:4
ISBN: 978-952-10-7673-2
ISSN: 1798-9124
Abstract: Gender and fertility rhetorics in Russia and in Finland between 1995 and 2010 In both Russia and Finland, at the turn of the 21st century, there was a considerable amount of concern about too low domestic fertility. This concern was not, however, expressed in the same way in these two countries. The differences in participants and in the emphasis of the discussion were remarkable. In this doctoral thesis we study the relationship between gender and citizenship in Russian and Finnish fertility rhetorics. The study shows that Russian and Finnish demographic policies can be an island of nationalism in a globalizing world and that from a demographic point of view, traditional national state citizenship is still going strong. The study is based on the contents analysis and the rhetoric analysis of Russian and Finnish population policy documents. Fertility rhetorics in Russia and Finland are contrasted with respect to the contents of fertility concern, underlying values and the subjects of fertility policy as well as gender. The study consists of five articles and a summary. In three articles, I take a look at Russian fertility discourse, in one of them at the Finnish one and in one at both. The study answers the question what is written about when the topic is fertility. What is the role of fertility in demographic policy and what means of persuasion are used in fertility rhetorics? I try to clarify what kind of relationship between the citizens and the state the rhetoric implies and how this relationship is determined on the basis of gender. The ways in which Russian and Finnish rhetorics dealt with fertility differed from each other a great deal. In Russia the focus was on explaining the reasons for low fertility and solutions to it were sought in policy. In Finland, the focus was on such solutions that could mitigate the negative impacts of low birth rates. The way in which low fertility is conceptualized would seem to have an impact on the direction taken in the implements of policies. In Russia they were building a policy whose aim was to boost fertility by stressing the importance of traditional family values, mental and spiritual values and citizens´ duty to reproduce. In Finland, demographic policy was redefined so that it would not be as obliging as it was in past. The aim of Finnish demographic policy was to make the population structure younger and to balance the public economy. A higher fertility was aimed at but without clearpronatalistic emphasis. Instead of stressing citizens´ duty to reproduce, the right to reproduce was emphasized. The underlying values of Finnish demographic policy were fairness, equality and a positive view of children. Gender differences were stressed in Russia in the 21st century and thus the subject of demographic policy was the woman. Men were not viewed as reproductive citizens. In Finland, the reproductive rhetoric was almost gender-neutral and its demographic subject was the productive worker and the taxpayer. In Finland men have gradually started to be documented as reproductive citizens.
Subject: 5142 Sosiaali- ja yhteiskuntapolitiikka
väestöpolitiikka, syntyvyys, sukupuoli, retoriikka
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: acceptedVersion

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