Predictors of sleep disturbance in menopausal transition

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Lampio , L , Saaresranta , T , Engblom , J , Polo , O & Polo-Kantola , P 2016 , ' Predictors of sleep disturbance in menopausal transition ' , Maturitas , vol. 94 , pp. 137-142 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.10.004

Title: Predictors of sleep disturbance in menopausal transition
Author: Lampio, Laura; Saaresranta, Tarja; Engblom, Janne; Polo, Olli; Polo-Kantola, Paivi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2016-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Maturitas
ISSN: 0378-5122
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/229844
Abstract: Objective: This follow-up study aimed to evaluate risk factors for menopausal sleep disturbances already identifiable before menopause. Methods: At baseline, all 81 women were premenopausal. At year-five follow-up, 27 of the women were premenopausal, 40 postmenopausal, and 14 postmenopausal and using hormone therapy. We used the Basic Nordic Sleep Questionnaire to study sleep; additional questionnaires evaluated risk factors for sleep impairment. Results: Sleep quality differed only marginally between the groups. The following baseline variables were associated with impaired sleep quality at follow-up: depressive symptoms increased the risk of nocturnal awakenings (OR 1.16 (95%CI 1.02-1.32), p = 0.025), morning tiredness (OR 1.22 (95%CI 1.06-1.40), p = 0.007), daytime tiredness (OR 1.24 (95%CI 1.06-1.44), p = 0.007) and propensity to fall asleep during work or leisure time (OR 1.18 (95%CI 1.01-1.37), p = 0.036). Personal crises increased the risk of longer sleep latency (OR 5.46 (95%CI 1.13-26.32), p = 0.035) and of propensity to fall asleep when not active (OR 5.41 (95%CI 1.42-20.83), p = 0.014). Use of medications affecting the CNS increased the risk of worse general sleep quality (OR 11.44 (95% CI 1.07-121.79), p = 0.044). Perceived impaired general health (OR 2.87 (95%CI 1.04-7.94), p = 0.043) and frequent night sweats (OR 10.50 (95%CI 2.25-49.01), p = 0.003) increased the risk of difficulty falling asleep. Conclusions: Various premenopausal health-related factors seem to predict poor sleep in menopausal transition. Menopause itself appears to have only minor effects. Thus, it is essential to identify high risk women to allow timely interventions that may prevent the development of sleep disturbances at menopause. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Menopause
Sleep disturbances
Depressive symptoms
Night sweats
Personal crises
Perceived impaired health
CNS medication
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
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