Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/230107

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Santoro , A , Tagel , M , Must , K , Laine , M , Lassen , B & Jokelainen , P 2017 , ' Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia ' , Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , vol. 59 , 82 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0349-1

Julkaisun nimi: Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia
Tekijä: Santoro, Azzurra; Tagel, Maarja; Must, Kart; Laine, Miia; Lassen, Brian; Jokelainen, Pikka
Tekijän organisaatio: Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary Biosciences
Veterinary Pathology and Parasitology
Antti Sukura / Principal Investigator
Päiväys: 2017-12-11
Kieli: eng
Sivumäärä: 8
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
ISSN: 0044-605X
DOI-tunniste: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0349-1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/230107
Tiivistelmä: Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread occurring parasite infecting warm-blooded animals, including pigs and humans. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of anti-T. gondii antibodies and to evaluate risk factors for T. gondii seropositivity in breeding pigs raised in Estonia. Sera from 382 pigs were tested with a commercial direct agglutination test, using a cut-off titer of 40 for seropositivity, for the presence of anti-T. gondii immunoglobulin G antibodies. Results: Twenty-two (5.8%) of the 382 pigs tested seropositive for T. gondii, and 6 of the 14 herds had at least one seropositive pig. The proportion of seropositive pigs within the herds ranged between 0 and 43%. Gender appeared as a significant factor, with sows having 5.6 times higher odds to be seropositive to T. gondii than boars. Seroprevalence did not increase with age. Conclusions: Anti-T. gondii antibodies were present in a substantial proportion of breeding pig herds in Estonia. On the other hand, the presence of herds without seropositive pigs illustrates that porcine T. gondii infections can be avoided even in a country where the parasite is endemic and common in several other host species.
Avainsanat: Breeding herd
Epidemiology
Porcine
Serology
Sus scrofa domesticus
Swine
Toxoplasmosis
Zoonosis
WILD BOARS
DOMESTIC PIGS
RISK-FACTORS
HUMAN CONSUMPTION
NEOSPORA-CANINUM
COMMERCIAL CUTS
INFECTION
FARMS
PORK
TRANSMISSION
413 Veterinary science
Vertaisarvioitu: Kyllä
Tekijänoikeustiedot: cc_by
Pääsyrajoitteet: openAccess
Rinnakkaistallennettu versio: publishedVersion


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