Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia

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dc.contributor.author Santoro, Azzurra
dc.contributor.author Tagel, Maarja
dc.contributor.author Must, Kart
dc.contributor.author Laine, Miia
dc.contributor.author Lassen, Brian
dc.contributor.author Jokelainen, Pikka
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-02T13:38:00Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-02T13:38:00Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12-11
dc.identifier.citation Santoro , A , Tagel , M , Must , K , Laine , M , Lassen , B & Jokelainen , P 2017 , ' Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia ' , Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica , vol. 59 , 82 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0349-1
dc.identifier.other PURE: 96166071
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 6fa60d19-b19c-4163-920a-06687c53b0fb
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000417866500002
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85037676576
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0002-3035-5094/work/40124443
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/230107
dc.description.abstract Background: Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread occurring parasite infecting warm-blooded animals, including pigs and humans. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of anti-T. gondii antibodies and to evaluate risk factors for T. gondii seropositivity in breeding pigs raised in Estonia. Sera from 382 pigs were tested with a commercial direct agglutination test, using a cut-off titer of 40 for seropositivity, for the presence of anti-T. gondii immunoglobulin G antibodies. Results: Twenty-two (5.8%) of the 382 pigs tested seropositive for T. gondii, and 6 of the 14 herds had at least one seropositive pig. The proportion of seropositive pigs within the herds ranged between 0 and 43%. Gender appeared as a significant factor, with sows having 5.6 times higher odds to be seropositive to T. gondii than boars. Seroprevalence did not increase with age. Conclusions: Anti-T. gondii antibodies were present in a substantial proportion of breeding pig herds in Estonia. On the other hand, the presence of herds without seropositive pigs illustrates that porcine T. gondii infections can be avoided even in a country where the parasite is endemic and common in several other host species. en
dc.format.extent 8
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Breeding herd
dc.subject Epidemiology
dc.subject Porcine
dc.subject Serology
dc.subject Sus scrofa domesticus
dc.subject Swine
dc.subject Toxoplasmosis
dc.subject Zoonosis
dc.subject WILD BOARS
dc.subject DOMESTIC PIGS
dc.subject RISK-FACTORS
dc.subject HUMAN CONSUMPTION
dc.subject NEOSPORA-CANINUM
dc.subject COMMERCIAL CUTS
dc.subject INFECTION
dc.subject FARMS
dc.subject PORK
dc.subject TRANSMISSION
dc.subject 413 Veterinary science
dc.title Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence in breeding pigs in Estonia en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
dc.contributor.organization Veterinary Biosciences
dc.contributor.organization Veterinary Pathology and Parasitology
dc.contributor.organization Antti Sukura / Principal Investigator
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-017-0349-1
dc.relation.issn 0044-605X
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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