Value of cognitive diversity in science

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Pöyhönen , S 2017 , ' Value of cognitive diversity in science ' , Synthese , vol. 194 , no. 11 , pp. 4519-4540 .

Title: Value of cognitive diversity in science
Author: Pöyhönen, Samuli
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Political and Economic Studies (2010-2017)
Date: 2017-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: Synthese
ISSN: 0039-7857
Abstract: When should a scientific community be cognitively diverse? This article presents a model for studying how the heterogeneity of learning heuristics used by scientist agents affects the epistemic efficiency of a scientific community. By extending the epistemic landscapes modeling approach introduced by Weisberg and Muldoon, the article casts light on the micro-mechanisms mediating cognitive diversity, coordination, and problem-solving efficiency. The results suggest that social learning and cognitive diversity produce epistemic benefits only when the epistemic community is faced with problems of sufficient difficulty.
Subject: Social epistemology
Social learning
Division of cognitive labor
epistemic landscapes
philosophy of science
611 Philosophy

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