Regulation of Calvarial Osteogenesis by Concomitant De-repression of GLI3 and Activation of IHH Targets

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Veistinen , L K , Mustonen , T , Hasan , M R , Takatalo , M , Kobayashi , Y , Kesper , D A , Vortkamp , A & Rice , D P 2017 , ' Regulation of Calvarial Osteogenesis by Concomitant De-repression of GLI3 and Activation of IHH Targets ' , Frontiers in Physiology , vol. 8 , 1036 .

Title: Regulation of Calvarial Osteogenesis by Concomitant De-repression of GLI3 and Activation of IHH Targets
Author: Veistinen, Lotta K.; Mustonen, Tuija; Hasan, Md. Rakibul; Takatalo, Maarit; Kobayashi, Yukiho; Kesper, Dorthe A.; Vortkamp, Andrea; Rice, David P.
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases
University of Helsinki
David Paul Cracroft Rice / Principal Investigator
HUS Head and Neck Center
Date: 2017-12-19
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Physiology
ISSN: 1664-042X
Abstract: Loss-of-function mutations in GLI3 and IHH cause craniosynostois and reduced osteogeneiss, respectively. In this study, we show that ihh ligand, the receptor Ptch1 and Gli transcription factors are differentialyy expressed in embryonic mouse calvaria osteogenic condenstions. We show that in both ihh(-/-) and Gli3(Xt-J/Xt-J) embroyonic mice, the normal gene expression architecture is lost and this results in disorganized calvarial bone developement. RUNX2 is a master regulatory transciption factor controlling osteogenesis. In the absence of Gli3, RUNX2 isoform II and IHH are upregulated, and RUNX2 isoform I downregulated. This is consistent with the expandeed and aberant osteogenesis observed in Gli3Xt-J/Xt-J mice, and consistent RunX2-t expression by relatively immature osteoprogenitors. ihh-/- mice exhibited small calvarial bones HH target genes, Ptch1 and Gli1, were absent. This indicates that IHH is the functional HH ligand, and that it is not compensated by another HH ligand. To decipher the roles and potential interaction of Gli3 and ihh. we generated ihh-/-; gli3Xt-J/Xt-J compound mutant mice. Even in the absence of ihh, Gli3 deletion was sufficient to induce aberrant precocious ossification across the developing suture, indicating that the carniosyostosis pehnotype of Gli3Xt-J/Xt-J mice is not dependent on IHH ligand. Also we found that ihh was not required for Runx2 expression as the expression of RUNX2 target genes was unaffected by deletion of Ihh. To test whether RUNX2 has a role upstream of IHH we performed RUNX2 siRNA knock down experiements in WT calvarial osteoblasts and explants and found that Ihh expression is suppressed. Our results show that IHH is the functional HH ligand in the embroynic mouse calvaria osteogenic condensations, where it regulates the progression of osteoblastic differentation. As GLI3 represses the expression of Runx2-II abd Ihh, and also elevats the Runx2-I expression, and as IHH may be regulated by RUNX2 these results raise the possibility of a regualtory feedback circuit to control calvarial osteogenesis and suture patency. Taken together RUNX2-controlled osteoblastic cell fate is regulated by IHH through concomitant inhibition of GLI3-repressor formation and activation of downstreams targets.
Subject: calvarial development
hedgehog signaling pathway
cell differentiation
313 Dentistry
1184 Genetics, developmental biology, physiology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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