The Scientific Foundations of Forecasting Magnetospheric Space Weather

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Eastwood , J P , Nakamura , R , Turc , L , Mejnertsen , L & Hesse , M 2017 , ' The Scientific Foundations of Forecasting Magnetospheric Space Weather ' , Space Science Reviews , vol. 212 , no. 3-4 , pp. 1221-1252 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0399-8

Title: The Scientific Foundations of Forecasting Magnetospheric Space Weather
Author: Eastwood, J. P.; Nakamura, R.; Turc, L.; Mejnertsen, L.; Hesse, M.
Contributor organization: Department of Physics
Space Physics Research Group
Date: 2017-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 32
Belongs to series: Space Science Reviews
ISSN: 0038-6308
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-017-0399-8
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/231326
Abstract: The magnetosphere is the lens through which solar space weather phenomena are focused and directed towards the Earth. In particular, the non-linear interaction of the solar wind with the Earth's magnetic field leads to the formation of highly inhomogenous electrical currents in the ionosphere which can ultimately result in damage to and problems with the operation of power distribution networks. Since electric power is the fundamental cornerstone of modern life, the interruption of power is the primary pathway by which space weather has impact on human activity and technology. Consequently, in the context of space weather, it is the ability to predict geomagnetic activity that is of key importance. This is usually stated in terms of geomagnetic storms, but we argue that in fact it is the substorm phenomenon which contains the crucial physics, and therefore prediction of substorm occurrence, severity and duration, either within the context of a longer-lasting geomagnetic storm, but potentially also as an isolated event, is of critical importance. Here we review the physics of the magnetosphere in the frame of space weather forecasting, focusing on recent results, current understanding, and an assessment of probable future developments.
Subject: Space weather
Magnetosphere
Geomagnetic storm
Substorm
Computer simulation
INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC-FIELD
FLUX-TRANSFER EVENTS
MAGNETOTAIL DIPOLARIZATION FRONTS
IONOSPHERE-THERMOSPHERE MODEL
OSCILLATORY FLOW BRAKING
GLOBAL MHD SIMULATION
CENTRAL PLASMA SHEET
SOLAR-WIND CONTROL
VAN ALLEN PROBES
EARTHS BOW SHOCK
115 Astronomy, Space science
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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