Behavioral and subcortical signatures of musical expertise in Mandarin Chinese speakers

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Dawson , C , Tervaniemi , M & Aalto , D 2018 , ' Behavioral and subcortical signatures of musical expertise in Mandarin Chinese speakers ' , PLoS One , vol. 13 , no. 1 , 0190793 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190793

Title: Behavioral and subcortical signatures of musical expertise in Mandarin Chinese speakers
Author: Dawson, Caitlin; Tervaniemi, Mari; Aalto, Daniel
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Cognitive Brain Research Unit
University of Helsinki, CICERO Learning
Date: 2018-01-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/231399
Abstract: Both musical training and native language have been shown to have experience-based plastic effects on auditory processing. However, the combined effects within individuals are unclear. Recent research suggests that musical training and tone language speaking are not clearly additive in their effects on processing of auditory features and that there may be a disconnect between perceptual and neural signatures of auditory feature processing. The literature has only recently begun to investigate the effects of musical expertise on basic auditory processing for different linguistic groups. This work provides a profile of primary auditory feature discrimination for Mandarin speaking musicians and nonmusicians. The musicians showed enhanced perceptual discrimination for both frequency and duration as well as enhanced duration discrimination in a multifeature discrimination task, compared to nonmusicians. However, there were no differences between the groups in duration processing of nonspeech sounds at a subcortical level or in subcortical frequency representation of a nonnative tone contour, for f(o) or for the first or second formant region. The results indicate that musical expertise provides a cognitive, but not subcortical, advantage in a population of Mandarin speakers.
Subject: HUMAN BRAIN-STEM
LANGUAGE EXPERIENCE
AUDITORY-DISCRIMINATION
VOWEL DURATION
MUSICIANS
PITCH
SPEECH
SOUND
REPRESENTATION
CHILDREN
515 Psychology
516 Educational sciences
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