Left/right asymmetries and the grammar of pre- vs. post-positioning in German and Swedish talk-in-interaction

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Auer , P & Lindström , J 2016 , ' Left/right asymmetries and the grammar of pre- vs. post-positioning in German and Swedish talk-in-interaction ' , Language Sciences , vol. 56 , pp. 68-92 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2016.03.001

Title: Left/right asymmetries and the grammar of pre- vs. post-positioning in German and Swedish talk-in-interaction
Author: Auer, Peter; Lindström, Jan
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies
Date: 2016-07
Language: eng
Number of pages: 25
Belongs to series: Language Sciences
ISSN: 0388-0001
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/231507
Abstract: In this paper, we argue that the suggested mirror-equivalence of "left-" and "right-" adjoined or-positioned constituents in syntax is misleading from the point of view of Interactional Linguistics and needs to be replaced by a positionally sensitive grammatical analysis, in which pre- and post-positioning is seen in the context of the sequential unfolding of conversation in time. We show this on the basis of various examples from conversational German and Swedish. Our main empirical focus is on pre- and post positioned verba sentiendi expressions of the type ich denke ... or jag tror ... (cf. English I think). A quantitative analysis shows that these expressions have an uneven distribution in pre- and post-position, as well as in different discourse genres. In a sequential analysis, we can see a positionally dependent differentiation with respect to syntactic integration and interactional meaning, especially with reference to the dynamics of stance taking and turn taking: post-position is more attuned to deal with local contingencies of turn-taking and next-speaker uptake, whereas pre-position establishes a contextualizing frame for the upcoming action. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Online syntax
Positionally sensitive grammar
Emergent grammar
Turn construction
Turn organization
Epistemic stance
Social interaction
CONVERSATION
SPOKEN
CONSTRUCTION
ORGANIZATION
PROJECTION
ENGLISH
CLAUSES
SYNTAX
MAIN
6121 Languages
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