Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS)

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Ward , H C , Kotthaus , S , Järvi , L & Grimmond , C S B 2016 , ' Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) : Development and evaluation at two UK sites ' , Urban Climate , vol. 18 , pp. 1-32 .

Title: Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS);
Development and evaluation at two UK sites
Author: Ward, H.C.; Kotthaus, S.; Järvi, L.; Grimmond, C.S.B.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2016
Number of pages: 32
Belongs to series: Urban Climate
ISSN: 2212-0955
Abstract: Abstract The Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) is evaluated at two locations in the UK: a dense urban site in the centre of London and a residential suburban site in Swindon. Eddy covariance observations of the turbulent fluxes are used to assess model performance over a two-year period (2011−2013). The distinct characteristics of the sites mean their surface energy exchanges differ considerably. The model suggests the largest differences can be attributed to surface cover (notably the proportion of vegetated versus impervious area) and the additional energy supplied by human activities. SUEWS performs better in summer than winter, and better at the suburban site than the dense urban site. One reason for this is the bias towards suburban summer field campaigns in observational data used to parameterise this (and other) model(s). The suitability of model parameters (such as albedo, energy use and water use) for the UK sites is considered and, where appropriate, alternative values are suggested. An alternative parameterisation for the surface conductance is implemented, which permits greater soil moisture deficits before evaporation is restricted at non-irrigated sites. Accounting for seasonal variation in the estimation of storage heat flux is necessary to obtain realistic wintertime fluxes.
Subject: Evaporation, SUEWS, UK cities, Urban energy balance, Urban water balance
1171 Geosciences

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