Biogeochemical Impact of Snow Cover and Cyclonic Intrusions on the Winter Weddell Sea Ice Pack

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Tison , J -L , Schwegmann , S , Dieckmann , G , Rintala , J -M , Meyer , H , Moreau , S , Vancoppenolle , M , Nomura , D , Engberg , S , Blomster , L J , Hendrickx , S , Uhlig , C , Luhtanen , A -M , de Jong , J , Janssens , J , Carnat , G , Zhou , J & Delille , B 2017 , ' Biogeochemical Impact of Snow Cover and Cyclonic Intrusions on the Winter Weddell Sea Ice Pack ' , Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans , vol. 122 , no. 12 , pp. 9548-9571 . https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013288

Title: Biogeochemical Impact of Snow Cover and Cyclonic Intrusions on the Winter Weddell Sea Ice Pack
Author: Tison, J. -L.; Schwegmann, S.; Dieckmann, G.; Rintala, J. -M.; Meyer, H.; Moreau, S.; Vancoppenolle, M.; Nomura, D.; Engberg, S.; Blomster, L. J.; Hendrickx, S.; Uhlig, C.; Luhtanen, A. -M.; de Jong, J.; Janssens, J.; Carnat, G.; Zhou, J.; Delille, B.
Contributor organization: Environmental Sciences
Jaanika Blomster / Principal Investigator
Life Science Education
Biosciences
Elina Roine / Principal Investigator
General Microbiology
Structure of the Viral Universe
Tvärminne Zoological Station
Marine Ecosystems Research Group
Teachers' Academy
Date: 2017-12
Language: eng
Number of pages: 24
Belongs to series: Journal of Geophysical Research : Oceans
ISSN: 2169-9275
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013288
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/231973
Abstract: Sea ice is a dynamic biogeochemical reactor and a double interface actively interacting with both the atmosphere and the ocean. However, proper understanding of its annual impact on exchanges, and therefore potentially on the climate, notably suffer from the paucity of autumnal and winter data sets. Here we present the results of physical and biogeochemical investigations on winter Antarctic pack ice in the Weddell Sea (R. V. Polarstern AWECS cruise, June-August 2013) which are compared with those from two similar studies conducted in the area in 1986 and 1992. The winter 2013 was characterized by a warm sea ice cover due to the combined effects of deep snow and frequent warm cyclones events penetrating southward from the open Southern Ocean. These conditions were favorable to high ice permeability and cyclic events of brine movements within the sea ice cover (brine tubes), favoring relatively high chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentrations. We discuss the timing of this algal activity showing that arguments can be presented in favor of continued activity during the winter due to the specific physical conditions. Large-scale sea ice model simulations also suggest a context of increasingly deep snow, warm ice, and large brine fractions across the three observational years, despite the fact that the model is forced with a snowfall climatology. This lends support to the claim that more severe Antarctic sea ice conditions, characterized by a longer ice season, thicker, and more concentrated ice are sufficient to increase the snow depth and, somehow counterintuitively, to warm the ice.
Subject: sea ice
Weddell Sea
Antarctica
biogeochemistry
winter
ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION
SOUTHERN-OCEAN
PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES
SEASONAL-VARIATIONS
MCMURDO SOUND
CO2 EXCHANGE
MASS-BALANCE
ANTARCTICA
MODEL
CARBON
1171 Geosciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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