Forensic age assessment of asylum seekers in Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/231997

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Metsäniitty , M , Varkkola , O , Waltimo-Siren , J & Ranta , H 2017 , ' Forensic age assessment of asylum seekers in Finland ' , International Journal of Legal Medicine , vol. 131 , no. 1 , pp. 243-250 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-016-1498-x

Title: Forensic age assessment of asylum seekers in Finland
Author: Metsäniitty, Mari; Varkkola, Olli; Waltimo-Siren, Janna; Ranta, Helena
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine
University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Forensic Medicine
Date: 2017-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: International Journal of Legal Medicine
ISSN: 0937-9827
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/231997
Abstract: In Finland, forensic age assessment is strictly regulated by legislation. According to the Aliens Act (301/2004) and the amendment of the Act (549/2010), the police authorities, the frontier guard authorities, and the immigration authorities have the right to refer asylum seekers to the University of Helsinki, Department of Forensic Medicine, for age assessment. These assessments are especially performed to solve if the person is of major age, the cutoff being 18 completed years. The forensic age assessment is largely based on dental development, since the special permit of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) to the Department of Forensic Medicine of the University of Helsinki, allowing the use of ionizing radiation for non-medical purposes, includes dental and hand X-rays. Forensic age assessment is always performed by two forensic odontologists. In 2015, the total number of forensic age assessment examinations was 149, and the countries of origin of the asylum seekers were most commonly Iraq, Afghanistan, and Somalia. The current legislation on forensic age assessment has been well received and approved. Radiological and other examinations can be performed in different parts of Finland, but the forensic odontologist at the University of Helsinki is always involved in the process and ensures joint quality standards for the forensic age assessment.
Subject: Asylum seekers
Forensic age assessment
Forensic odontology
Legislation
Radiology
3RD MOLAR DEVELOPMENT
SKELETAL MATURATION
CHRONOLOGICAL AGE
STATURAL GROWTH
CHILDREN
ETHNICITY
GREULICH
PUBERTY
ATLAS
BIRTH
319 Forensic science and other medical sciences
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