Business in the Battle of Ideas, 1945–1991 : Conclusions from the Finnish Case

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232062

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Wuokko , M 2017 , ' Business in the Battle of Ideas, 1945–1991 : Conclusions from the Finnish Case ' , Scandinavian Economic History Review , vol. 65 , no. 3 , pp. 279-293 . https://doi.org/10.1080/03585522.2017.1371638

Title: Business in the Battle of Ideas, 1945–1991 : Conclusions from the Finnish Case
Author: Wuokko, Maiju
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Finnish and Nordic History
Date: 2017-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Economic History Review
ISSN: 0358-5522
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232062
Abstract: This article examines the political activity—specifically lobbying and PR efforts—of major Finnish business associations during the Cold War era (c. 1945–1991). The main motivation for business political activity was the threat of socialism and state intervention in their various forms. Based on a qualitative reading of archived documents, this article illustrates a shift from the fear of an outright revolution in the 1940s, through leftist radicalism and economic regulation in the 1970s, to the rise of environmentalism in the 1980s. Influencing efforts were targeted at both politicians and the general public but, towards the end of period studies, shaping public opinion became increasingly important. This article contributes to our knowledge on business-politics links and business political activity as historical phenomena. It points out compelling similarities in the political activity of business in various Western countries and suggests that they should be examined more thoroughly in future research.
Subject: 615 History and Archaeology
business political activity
corporate political activity
business interest associations
lobbying
public opinion
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