3D-modelling of the thermal circumstances of a lake under artificial aeration

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dc.contributor.author Tian, Xiaoqing
dc.contributor.author Pan, Huachen
dc.contributor.author Köngäs, Riia Margit Petrina
dc.contributor.author Horppila, Jukka Antero
dc.date.accessioned 2018-02-06T08:53:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-02-06T08:53:01Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Tian , X , Pan , H , Köngäs , R M P & Horppila , J A 2017 , ' 3D-modelling of the thermal circumstances of a lake under artificial aeration ' , Applied water science , vol. 7 , no. 8 , pp. 4169-4176 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-017-0577-6
dc.identifier.other PURE: 95598589
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 24735d6f-ff43-4c05-b7c8-5e23f4bd80dc
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000416833900001
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232081
dc.description.abstract A 3D-model was developed to study the effects of hypolimnetic aeration on the temperature profile of a thermally stratified Lake Vesijärvi (southern Finland). Aeration was conducted by pumping epilimnetic water through the thermocline to the hypolimnion without breaking the thermal stratification. The model used time transient equation based on Navier–Stokes equation. The model was fitted to the vertical temperature distribution and environmental parameters (wind, air temperature, and solar radiation) before the onset of aeration, and the model was used to predict the vertical temperature distribution 3 and 15 days after the onset of aeration (1 August and 22 August). The difference between the modelled and observed temperature was on average 0.6 °C. The average percentage model error was 4.0% on 1 August and 3.7% on 22 August. In the epilimnion, model accuracy depended on the difference between the observed temperature and boundary conditions. In the hypolimnion, the model residual decreased with increasing depth. On 1 August, the model predicted a homogenous temperature profile in the hypolimnion, while the observed temperature decreased moderately from the thermocline to the bottom. This was because the effect of sediment was not included in the model. On 22 August, the modelled and observed temperatures near the bottom were identical demonstrating that the heat transfer by the aerator masked the effect of sediment and that exclusion of sediment heat from the model does not cause considerable error unless very short-term effects of aeration are studied. In all, the model successfully described the effects of the aerator on the lake’s temperature profile. The results confirmed the validity of the applied computational fluid dynamic in artificial aeration; based on the simulated results, the effect of aeration can be predicted. en
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Applied water science
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.title 3D-modelling of the thermal circumstances of a lake under artificial aeration en
dc.type Review Article
dc.contributor.organization Environmental Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Lake Ecosystem Dynamics
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1007/s13201-017-0577-6
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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