Maternal effects in vulnerability to eye-parasites and correlations between behavior and parasitism in juvenile Arctic charr

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Kortet , R , Lautala , T , Kekalainen , J , Taskinen , J & Hirvonen , H 2017 , ' Maternal effects in vulnerability to eye-parasites and correlations between behavior and parasitism in juvenile Arctic charr ' , Ecology and Evolution , vol. 7 , no. 21 , pp. 8780-8787 . https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3428

Title: Maternal effects in vulnerability to eye-parasites and correlations between behavior and parasitism in juvenile Arctic charr
Author: Kortet, Raine; Lautala, Tiina; Kekalainen, Jukka; Taskinen, Jouni; Hirvonen, Heikki
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, University of Eastern Finland (UEF)
University of Helsinki, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
University of Helsinki, Biosciences


Date: 2017-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Ecology and Evolution
ISSN: 2045-7758
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3428
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232089
Abstract: Hatchery-reared fish show high mortalities after release to the wild environment. Explanations for this include potentially predetermined genetics, behavioral, and physiological acclimation to fish farm environments, and increased vulnerability to predation and parasitism in the wild. We studied vulnerability to Diplostomum spp. parasites (load of eye flukes in the lenses), immune defense (relative spleen size) and antipredator behaviors (approaches toward predator odor, freezing, and swimming activity) in hatchery-reared juvenile Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) using a nested mating design. Fish were exposed to eye-fluke larvae via the incoming water at the hatchery. Fish size was positively associated with parasite load, but we did not find any relationship between relative spleen size and parasitism. The offspring of different females showed significant variation in their parasite load within sires, implying a dam effect in the vulnerability to parasites. However, the family background did not have any effect on spleen size. In the mean sire level over dams, the fish from the bolder (actively swimming) families in the predator trials suffered higher loads of eye flukes than those from more cautiously behaving families. Thus, the results indicate potentially maternally inherited differences in vulnerability to eye-fluke parasites, and that the vulnerability to parasites and behavioral activity are positively associated with each other at the sire level. This could lead to artificial and unintentional selection for increased vulnerability to both parasitism and predation if these traits are favored in fish farm environments.
Subject: antipredation behavior
Diplostomum eye flukes
hatchery-raised
immunocompetence
parasite resistance
salmonid
SALVELINUS-ALPINUS
TRADE-OFFS
PREDATOR AVOIDANCE
HOST PERSONALITY
FISH INTERACTION
RUTILUS-RUTILUS
IMMUNE DEFENSE
BROWN TROUT
FLUKE
RESISTANCE
1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
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