Ideal cardiovascular health and psychosocial risk factors among Finnish female municipal workers

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232262

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Veromaa , V , Kautiainen , H , Saxen , U , Malmberg-Ceder , K , Bergman , E & Korhonen , P E 2017 , ' Ideal cardiovascular health and psychosocial risk factors among Finnish female municipal workers ' Scandinavian Journal of Public Health , vol 45 , no. 1 , pp. 50-56 . DOI: 10.1177/1403494816677661

Julkaisun nimi: Ideal cardiovascular health and psychosocial risk factors among Finnish female municipal workers
Tekijä: Veromaa, Veera; Kautiainen, Hannu; Saxen, Ulla; Malmberg-Ceder, Kirsi; Bergman, Elina; Korhonen, Paeivi E.
Muu tekijä: University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
Kuuluu julkaisusarjaan: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
ISSN: 1403-4948
Tiivistelmä: Aims: Ideal cardiovascular health has been defined by the American Heart Association as the absence of disease and the presence of seven key health factors and behaviours. However, little is known about the mental aspects associated with ideal cardiovascular health metrics. The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between psychosocial risk factors and ideal cardiovascular health metrics among Finnish women at municipal work units. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Finland among 732 female employees (mean +/- SD age 48 +/- 10 years) from ten work units in 2014. Ideal cardiovascular health metrics were evaluated with a physical examination, laboratory tests, medical history and self-administrated questionnaires. Psychosocial risk factors (social isolation, stress, depressive symptoms, anxiety, hostility and type D personality) were assessed with core questions as suggested by the European Society of Cardiology. Results: The prevalence of having 5-7 ideal cardiovascular health metrics was 183 (25.0%), of whom 54.1% had at least one psychosocial risk factor. Anxiety (31.3%), work stress (30.7%) and type D personality (26.1%) were the most prevalent of the psychosocial risk factors. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (p
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232262
Päiväys: 2017-02
Avainsanat: Ideal cardiovascular health
psychosocial risk factors
depression
type D personality
women
CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
US ADULTS
TRENDS
PREVALENCE
ASSOCIATIONS
POPULATION
STRESS
UPDATE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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