Looking forward through the past : identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology

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Seddon , A W R , Mackay , A W , Baker , A G , Birks , H J B , Breman , E , Buck , C E , Ellis , E C , Froyd , C A , Gill , J L , Gillson , L , Johnson , E A , Jones , V J , Juggins , S , Macias-Fauria , M , Mills , K , Morris , J L , Nogues-Bravo , D , Punyasena , S W , Roland , T P , Tanentzap , A J , Willis , K J , Aberhan , M , van Asperen , E N , Austin , W E N , Battarbee , R W , Bhagwat , S , Belanger , C L , Bennett , K D , Birks , H H , Ramsey , C B , Brooks , S J , de Bruyn , M , Butler , P G , Chambers , F M , Clarke , S J , Davies , A L , Dearing , J A , Ezard , T H G , Feurdean , A , Flower , R J , Gell , P , Hausmann , S , Hogan , E J , Hopkins , M J , Jeffers , E S , Korhola , A A , Marchant , R , Kiefer , T , Lamentowicz , M , Larocque-Tobler , I , Lopez-Merino , L , Liow , L H , McGowan , S , Miller , J H , Montoya , E , Morton , O , Nogue , S , Onoufriou , C , Boush , L P , Rodriguez-Sanchez , F , Rose , N L , Sayer , C D , Shaw , H E , Payne , R , Simpson , G , Sohar , K , Whitehouse , N J , Williams , J W & Witkowski , A 2014 , ' Looking forward through the past : identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology ' , Journal of Ecology , vol. 102 , no. 1 , pp. 256-267 . https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12195

Title: Looking forward through the past : identification of 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology
Author: Seddon, Alistair W. R.; Mackay, Anson W.; Baker, Ambroise G.; Birks, H. John B.; Breman, Elinor; Buck, Caitlin E.; Ellis, Erle C.; Froyd, Cynthia A.; Gill, Jacquelyn L.; Gillson, Lindsey; Johnson, Edward A.; Jones, Vivienne J.; Juggins, Stephen; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Mills, Keely; Morris, Jesse L.; Nogues-Bravo, David; Punyasena, Surangi W.; Roland, Thomas P.; Tanentzap, Andrew J.; Willis, Kathy J.; Aberhan, Martin; van Asperen, Eline N.; Austin, William E. N.; Battarbee, Rick W.; Bhagwat, Shonil; Belanger, Christina L.; Bennett, Keith D.; Birks, Hilary H.; Ramsey, Christopher Bronk; Brooks, Stephen J.; de Bruyn, Mark; Butler, Paul G.; Chambers, Frank M.; Clarke, Stewart J.; Davies, Althea L.; Dearing, John A.; Ezard, Thomas H. G.; Feurdean, Angelica; Flower, Roger J.; Gell, Peter; Hausmann, Sonja; Hogan, Erika J.; Hopkins, Melanie J.; Jeffers, Elizabeth S.; Korhola, Atte A.; Marchant, Robert; Kiefer, Thorsten; Lamentowicz, Mariusz; Larocque-Tobler, Isabelle; Lopez-Merino, Lourdes; Liow, Lee H.; McGowan, Suzanne; Miller, Joshua H.; Montoya, Encarni; Morton, Oliver; Nogue, Sandra; Onoufriou, Chloe; Boush, Lisa P.; Rodriguez-Sanchez, Francisco; Rose, Neil L.; Sayer, Carl D.; Shaw, Helen E.; Payne, Richard; Simpson, Gavin; Sohar, Kadri; Whitehouse, Nicki J.; Williams, John W.; Witkowski, Andrzej
Contributor organization: Department of Geosciences and Geography
Environmental Sciences
Environmental Change Research Unit (ECRU)
Date: 2014-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: Journal of Ecology
ISSN: 0022-0477
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.12195
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/232585
Abstract: 1. Priority question exercises are becoming an increasingly common tool to frame future agendas in conservation and ecological science, used to identify research foci which are relevant to the needs of the scientific community and which also have high policy and conservation relevance. 2. To date there has been no coherent synthesis of key questions and priority research areas for palaeoecology, which combines biological, geochemical and molecular techniques in order to reconstruct ecological and environmental systems far into the past. 3. We adapted a well-established methodology to identify 50 priority research questions in palaeoecology. We used a set of criteria that were designed to identify realistic and achievable research goals, and selected questions from a pool submitted by the international palaeoecology research community and relevant policy practitioners. Questions are not ranked by priority but are grouped thematically, and are generally focussed on the late Cenozoic onwards (past c. 65 Ma). 4. The major difference in our methodology compared to other, similar exercises was the integration of online participation both before and during the workshop, representing an important development for increasing engagement and visibility. 5. The questions selected are structured around six themes: human-environment interactions in the Anthropocene; biodiversity, conservation, and novel ecosystems; biodiversity over long timescales; ecosystem processes and biogeochemical cycling; comparing, combining and synthesising information from multiple records; and methodological approaches to palaeoecology. 6. Future opportunities in palaeoecology are related to improved incorporation of uncertainty into reconstructions, an enhanced understanding of ecological and evolutionary dynamics and processes, and the continued application of long-term data for better-informed landscape management. 7. SYNTHESIS: The 50 priority questions selected in this exercise present palaeoecological science as a vibrant and thriving discipline, and highlight its vast potential for resolving both pure (e.g. theoretical) and applied (e.g. environmental) research questions directly related to ecological science and global change.
Subject: Anthropocene
ecology and evolution
human-environment interactions
long-term ecology
palaeoecology and land-use history
research priorities
1172 Environmental sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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