Bidirectional longitudinal relationship between leisure-time physical activity and psychotropic medication usage : A register linked follow-up study

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Stubbs , B , Vancampfort , D , Mänty , M , Svärd , A , Rahkonen , O & Lahti , J 2017 , ' Bidirectional longitudinal relationship between leisure-time physical activity and psychotropic medication usage : A register linked follow-up study ' , Psychiatry Research , vol. 247 , pp. 208-213 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.033

Title: Bidirectional longitudinal relationship between leisure-time physical activity and psychotropic medication usage : A register linked follow-up study
Author: Stubbs, Brendon; Vancampfort, Davy; Mänty, Minna; Svärd, Anna; Rahkonen, Ossi; Lahti, Jouni
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum



Date: 2017-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Psychiatry Research
ISSN: 0165-1781
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2016.11.033
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233266
Abstract: This study aimed to examine the bidirectional relationship between psychotropic medication use and changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among a population cohort study. Phase 1 data were collected by mail surveys in 2000-2002 among 40-60-year-old employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, and phase 2 follow up survey was conducted in 2007. Based on self-report, the respondents were classified as inactive and active (.14.75 MET-hours/week) at the phases 1 and 2. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated for subsequent (2007-10) psychotropic medication purchasing according to changes in physical activity (phases 1-2). Odds ratios (OR) for physical inactivity at phase 2 were calculated according to the amount of psychotropic medication between phases 1-2. Overall, 5361 respondents were included (mean age 50 years, 80% women). Compared with the persistently active, the persistently inactive, those decreasing and adopting LTPA had an increased risk for psychotropic medication. Only the persistently inactive remained at increased risk for psychotropic medication use, following the adjustment for prior psychotropic medication use. Compared with those having no medication, the risk for physical inactivity increased as the psychotropic medication increased. Our data suggest that physical activity has an important role in maintaining wellbeing and reducing psychotropic medication usage.
Subject: Exercise
Physical inactivity
Mental health
Psychotropic medication
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALS
DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
ANXIETY DISORDERS
BIPOLAR DISORDER
NATIONAL TRENDS
HEALTH SURVEYS
EXERCISE
METAANALYSIS
PEOPLE
WOMEN
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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