Can video playback provide social information for foraging blue tits?

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dc.contributor.author Hamalainen, Liisa
dc.contributor.author Rowland, Hannah M.
dc.contributor.author Mappes, Johanna
dc.contributor.author Thorogood, Rose
dc.date.accessioned 2018-03-12T14:06:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-03-12T14:06:01Z
dc.date.issued 2017-03-21
dc.identifier.citation Hamalainen , L , Rowland , H M , Mappes , J & Thorogood , R 2017 , ' Can video playback provide social information for foraging blue tits? ' , PeerJ , vol. 5 , 3062 . https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3062
dc.identifier.other PURE: 83389073
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: e56c2e5f-7e0e-40af-8f36-62c9aaa46464
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000396908100005
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85015974138
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-5010-2177/work/42597030
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233368
dc.description.abstract Video playback is becoming a common method for manipulating social stimuli in experiments. Parid tits are one of the most commonly studied groups of wild birds. However, it is not yet clear if tits respond to video playback or how their behavioural responses should be measured. Behaviours may also differ depending on what they observe demonstrators encountering. Here we present blue tits (Cyanistes caeruleus) videos of demonstrators discovering palatable or aversive prey (injected with bitter-tasting Bitrex) from coloured feeding cups. First we quantify variation in demonstrators' responses to the prey items: aversive prey provoked high rates of beak wiping and head shaking. We then show that focal blue tits respond differently to the presence of a demonstrator on a video screen, depending on whether demonstrators discover palatable or aversive prey. Focal birds faced the video screen more during aversive prey presentations, and made more head turns. Regardless of prey type, focal birds also hopped more frequently during the presence of a demonstrator (compared to a control video of a different coloured feeding cup in an empty cage). Finally, we tested if demonstrators' behaviour affected focal birds' food preferences by giving individuals a choice to forage from the same cup as a demonstrator, or from the cup in the control video. We found that only half of the individuals made their choice in accordance to social information in the videos, i.e., their foraging choices were not different from random. Individuals that chose in accordance with a demonstrator, however, made their choice faster than individuals that chose an alternative cup. Together, our results suggest that video playback can provide social cues to blue tits, but individuals vary greatly in how they use this information in their foraging decisions. en
dc.format.extent 21
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof PeerJ
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject Blue tits
dc.subject Social information use
dc.subject Video-playback
dc.subject ZEBRA FINCHES
dc.subject GALLUS-GALLUS
dc.subject BEHAVIOR
dc.subject STIMULI
dc.subject MATE
dc.subject MECHANISMS
dc.subject SELECTION
dc.subject ANIMALS
dc.subject ECOLOGY
dc.subject SYSTEMS
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.title Can video playback provide social information for foraging blue tits? en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Biosciences
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3062
dc.relation.issn 2167-8359
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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