Monologisation as a Quoting Practice : Obscuring the journalist’s involvement in written journalism

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233644

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Haapanen , L 2017 , ' Monologisation as a Quoting Practice : Obscuring the journalist’s involvement in written journalism ' , Journalism Practice , vol. 11 , no. 7 , pp. 820-839 . https://doi.org/10.1080/17512786.2016.1208057

Title: Monologisation as a Quoting Practice : Obscuring the journalist’s involvement in written journalism
Author: Haapanen, Lauri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies
Date: 2017
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: Journalism Practice
ISSN: 1751-2786
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233644
Abstract: This paper explores a particular aspect of journalistic quoting, monologisation. During monologisation, the interactive turn exchange between the journalist and the interviewee is simplified in the resulting article. This simplification process mainly takes the form of obscuring the role of the journalist in the original spoken discourse. As a result, the quotations appear to be unprompted, continuous utterances by the interviewee, and this in turn has seminal consequences for the interpretation of the quotation. This paper will demonstrate that monologisation is an effective means for journalists to steer the reading of the article and to include their own points of view without breaking the professional rule that journalism must separate facts from opinions. The results of this study are based on a comparison between two types of empirical data; recordings of journalistic interviews, on the one hand, and published articles, on the other. This study will focus on one particular type of journalistic interview that has been largely neglected in prior research along with its specific quoting practices, namely the interviews were conducted by the journalists in order to collect raw material for written journalistic items, published either in print or electronic form. This paper will show that interviews of this type involve highly diverse and mutually adaptive interaction, contrary to the clearly structured question–answer interviews that are used as sound bites in television news items and have thus far remained the primary focus of research on both journalistic interviews and quoting processes. The notion of monologisation could be applied in various domains where an interview is converted into a written account, such as research interviewing and police interrogations.
Subject: 6121 Languages
direct speech
journalistic interviews
monologisation
print media
quotations
quoting practices
version analysis
518 Media and communications
direct speech
journalistic interviews
monologisation
print media
quotations
quoting practices
version analysis
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