Occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation in commercial Agaricus bisporus cultivation

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Kabel , M A , Jurak , E , Mäkelä , M R & de Vries , R P 2017 , ' Occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation in commercial Agaricus bisporus cultivation ' , Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology , vol. 101 , no. 11 , pp. 4363-4369 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-017-8294-5

Title: Occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation in commercial Agaricus bisporus cultivation
Author: Kabel, Mirjam A.; Jurak, Edita; Mäkelä, Miia R.; de Vries, Ronald P.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
Date: 2017-06
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ISSN: 0175-7598
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233747
Abstract: The white button mushroom Agaricus bisporus is economically the most important commercially produced edible fungus. It is grown on carbon- and nitrogen-rich substrates, such as composted cereal straw and animal manure. The commercial mushroom production process is usually performed in buildings or tunnels under highly controlled environmental conditions. In nature, the basidiomycete A. bisporus has a significant impact on the carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems as a saprotrophic decayer of leaf litter. In this mini-review, the fate of the compost plant cell wall structures, xylan, cellulose and lignin, is discussed. A comparison is made from the structural changes observed to the occurrence and function of enzymes for lignocellulose degradation present, with a special focus on the extracellular enzymes produced by A. bisporus. In addition, recent advancements in whole genome level molecular studies in various growth stages of A. bisporus in compost are reviewed.
Subject: Agaricus bisporus
Xylan structure
Lignin
Genome
Enzymes
MUSHROOM-COMPOST
LIFE-CYCLE
GROWTH
SUBSTRATE
BIOMASS
FUNGAL
1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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