Enrichment of 18O in the mantle sources of the Antarctic portion of the Karoo large igneous province

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233825

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Heinonen , J S , Luttinen , A V & Whitehouse , M J 2018 , ' Enrichment of 18 O in the mantle sources of the Antarctic portion of the Karoo large igneous province ' , Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology , vol. 173 , no. 3 , 21 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-018-1447-4

Titel: Enrichment of 18O in the mantle sources of the Antarctic portion of the Karoo large igneous province
Författare: Heinonen, Jussi S.; Luttinen, Arto V.; Whitehouse, M.J.
Medarbetare: University of Helsinki, Department of Geosciences and Geography
University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History
Datum: 2018-03
Språk: eng
Sidantal: 21
Tillhör serie: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
ISSN: 0010-7999
Permanenta länken (URI): http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233825
Abstrakt: Karoo continental flood basalt (CFB) province is known for its highly variable trace element and isotopic composition, often attributed to the involvement of continental lithospheric sources. Here, we report oxygen isotopic compositions measured with secondary ion mass spectrometry for hand-picked olivine phenocrysts from similar to 190 to 180 Ma CFBs and intrusive rocks from Vestfjella, western Dronning Maud Land, that form an Antarctic extension of the Karoo province. The Vestfjella lavas exhibit heterogeneous trace element and radiogenic isotope compositions (e.g., epsilon(Nd) from -16 to +2 at 180 Ma) and the involvement of continental lithospheric mantle and/or crust in their petrogenesis has previously been suggested. Importantly, our sample set also includes rare primitive dikes that have been derived from depleted asthenospheric mantle sources (epsilon(Nd) up to + 8 at 180 Ma). The majority of the oxygen isotopic compositions of the olivines from these dike rocks (delta O-18 = 4.4-5.2%; Fo = 78-92 mol%) are also compatible with such sources. The olivine phenocrysts in the lavas, however, are characterized by notably higher delta O-18 (6.2-7.5%; Fo = 70-88 mol%); and one of the dike samples gives intermediate compositions (5.2-6.1%, Fo = 83-87 mol%) between the other dikes and the CFBs. The oxygen isotopic compositions do not correlate with radiogenic isotope compositions susceptible to crustal assimilation (Sr, Nd, and Pb) or with geochemical indicators of pyroxene-rich mantle sources. Instead, delta O-18 correlates positively with enrichments in large-ion lithophile elements (especially K) and Os-187. We suggest that the oxygen isotopic compositions of the Vestfjella CFB olivines primarily record large-scale subduction-related metasomatism of the sub-Gondwanan mantle (base of the lithosphere or deeper) prior to Karoo magmatism. The overall influence of such sources to Karoo magmatism is not known, but, in addition to continental lithosphere, they may be responsible for some of the geochemical heterogeneity observed in the CFBs.
Subject: 1171 Geosciences
CONTINENTAL FLOOD BASALTS
LARGE IGNEOUS PROVINCE
mantle
CONTAMINATION
OXYGEN ISOTOPES
Karoo
Antarctica
olivine
metasomatism
Oxygen isotopes
Continental flood basalt
Large igneous province
Karoo
Antarctica
Olivine
Mantle
Metasomatism
DRONNING-MAUD-LAND
TRACE-ELEMENT COMPOSITION
OXYGEN-ISOTOPE EVIDENCE
FLOOD-BASALT PROVINCE
OCEAN ISLAND BASALTS
SUB-ARC MANTLE
CONTINENTAL BASALTS
EAST ANTARCTICA
RECYCLED CRUST
TECTONIC DISCRIMINATION
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