Diversity in root growth responses to moisture deficit in young faba bean (Vicia faba L.) plants

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Belachew , K Y , Nagel , K , Fiorani , F & Stoddard , F L 2018 , ' Diversity in root growth responses to moisture deficit in young faba bean (Vicia faba L.) plants ' , PeerJ , vol. 6 , 4401 , pp. 1-20 . https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4401

Title: Diversity in root growth responses to moisture deficit in young faba bean (Vicia faba L.) plants
Author: Belachew, Kiflemariam Yehuala; Nagel, Kerstin; Fiorani, Fabio; Stoddard, Frederick Lothrop
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Viikki Plant Science Centre (ViPS)





Date: 2018-02-21
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: PeerJ
ISSN: 2167-8359
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4401
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233829
Abstract: Background Soil moisture deficiency causes yield reduction and instability in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) production. The extent of sensitivity to drought stress varies across accessions originating from diverse moisture regimes of the world. Hence, we conducted successive greenhouse experiments in pots and rhizotrons to explore diversity in root responses to soil water deficit. Methods A set of 89 accessions from wet and dry growing regions of the world was defined according to the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy and screened in a perlite-sand medium under well watered conditions in a greenhouse experiment. Stomatal conductance, canopy temperature, chlorophyll concentration, and root and shoot dry weights were recorded during the fifth week of growth. Eight accessions representing the range of responses were selected for further investigation. Starting five days after germination, they were subjected to a root phenotyping experiment using the automated phenotyping platform GROWSCREEN-Rhizo. The rhizotrons were filled with peat-soil under well watered and water limited conditions. Root architectural traits were recorded five, 12, and 19 days after the treatment (DAT) began. Results In the germplasm survey, accessions from dry regions showed significantly higher values of chlorophyll concentration, shoot and root dry weights than those from wet regions. Root and shoot dry weight as well as seed weight, and chlorophyll concentration were positively correlated with each other. Accession DS70622 combined higher values of root and shoot dry weight than the rest. The experiment in GROWSCREEN-Rhizo showed large differences in root response to water deficit. The accession by treatment interactions in taproot and second order lateral root lengths were significant at 12 and 19 DAT, and the taproot length was reduced up to 57% by drought. The longest and deepest root systems under both treatment conditions were recorded by DS70622 and DS11320, and total root length of DS70622 was three times longer than that of WS99501, the shortest rooted accession. The maximum horizontal distribution of a root system and root surface coverage were positively correlated with taproot and total root lengths and root system depth. DS70622 and WS99501 combined maximum and minimum values of these traits, respectively. Thus, roots of DS70622 and DS11320, from dry regions, showed drought-avoidance characteristics whereas those of WS99501 and Melodie/2, from wet regions, showed the opposite. Discussion The combination of the germplasm survey and use of GROWSCREEN-Rhizo allowed exploring of adaptive traits and detection of root phenotypic markers for potential drought avoidance. The greater root system depth and root surface coverage, exemplified by DS70622 and DS11320, can now be tested as new sources of drought tolerance.
Subject: 414 Agricultural biotechnology
Vicia faba L.
faba bean
Water limited
Root width
Drought screening
GROWSCREEN RhizoBoxes
Root depth
Drought tolerance
Root traits
Automated phenotyping
CICER-ARIETINUM L.
DROUGHT TOLERANCE
WATER-DEFICIT
SEEDLING STAGE
TRAITS
CHICKPEA
STRESS
4111 Agronomy
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