Changes in working conditions and physical health functioning among midlife and ageing employees

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Manty , M , Kouvonen , A , Lallukka , T , Lahti , J , Lahelma , E & Rahkonen , O 2015 , ' Changes in working conditions and physical health functioning among midlife and ageing employees ' , Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health , vol. 41 , no. 6 , pp. 511-518 . https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3521

Title: Changes in working conditions and physical health functioning among midlife and ageing employees
Author: Manty, Minna; Kouvonen, Anne; Lallukka, Tea; Lahti, Jouni; Lahelma, Eero; Rahkonen, Ossi
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Public Health
Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
Ossi Rahkonen / Principal Investigator
Center for Population, Health and Society
Date: 2015-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
ISSN: 0355-3140
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5271/sjweh.3521
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233858
Abstract: Objectives The aim this study was to examine the effect of changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions on physical health functioning among ageing municipal employees. Methods Follow-up survey data were collected from midlife employees of the City of Helsinki, Finland, at three time points: wave 1(2000-2002), wave 2(2007), and wave 3 (2012). Changes in physical and psychosocial working conditions were assessed between waves 1 and 2. Physical health functioning was measured by the physical component summary (PCS) of the Short-Form 36 questionnaire at each of the three waves. In total, 2784 respondents (83% women) who remained employed over the follow-up were available for the analyses. Linear mixed-effect models were used to assess the associations and adjust for key covariates (age, gender, obesity, chronic diseases, and health behaviors). Results Repeated and increased exposure to adverse physical working conditions was associated with greater decline in physical health functioning over time. In contrast, decrease in exposures reduced the decline Of the psychosocial working conditions, changes in job demands had no effects on physical health functioning. However, decreased job control was associated with greater decline and repeated high or increased job control reduced the decline in physical health functioning over time. Conclusions Adverse changes in physical working conditions and job control were associated with greater decline in physical health functioning over time, whereas favorable changes in these exposures reduced the decline. Preventing deterioration and promoting improvement of working conditions are likely to help maintain better physical health functioning among ageing employees.
Subject: physical working condition
psychosocial working condition
SF-36
follow-up
FOLLOW-UP
JOB STRAIN
SICKNESS ABSENCE
WHITEHALL-II
MOBILITY LIMITATIONS
ALLOSTATIC LOAD
HEART-DISEASE
RISK-FACTORS
OLD-AGE
PREDICTORS
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
Peer reviewed: Yes
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion
Funder: Unknown funder
Grant number:


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