New Parameterizations for Neutral and Ion-Induced Sulfuric Acid-Water Particle Formation in Nucleation and Kinetic Regimes

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Määttänen , A , Merikanto , J , Henschel , H , Duplissy , J , Makkonen , R , Ortega , I K & Vehkamäki , H 2018 , ' New Parameterizations for Neutral and Ion-Induced Sulfuric Acid-Water Particle Formation in Nucleation and Kinetic Regimes ' , Journal of Geophysical Research : Atmospheres , vol. 123 , no. 2 , pp. 1269-1296 . https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JD027429

Title: New Parameterizations for Neutral and Ion-Induced Sulfuric Acid-Water Particle Formation in Nucleation and Kinetic Regimes
Author: Määttänen, Anni; Merikanto, Joonas; Henschel, Henning; Duplissy, Jonathan; Makkonen, Risto; Ortega, Ismael K.; Vehkamäki, Hanna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
University of Helsinki, Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research (INAR)
Date: 2018-01-27
Language: eng
Number of pages: 28
Belongs to series: Journal of Geophysical Research : Atmospheres
ISSN: 2169-897X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233943
Abstract: We have developed new parameterizations of electrically neutral homogeneous and ion-induced sulfuric acid-water particle formation for large ranges of environmental conditions, based on an improved model that has been validated against a particle formation rate data set produced by Cosmics Leaving OUtdoor Droplets (CLOUD) experiments at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). The model uses a thermodynamically consistent version of the Classical Nucleation Theory normalized using quantum chemical data. Unlike the earlier parameterizations for H2SO4-H2O nucleation, the model is applicable to extreme dry conditions where the one-component sulfuric acid limit is approached. Parameterizations are presented for the critical cluster sulfuric acid mole fraction, the critical cluster radius, the total number of molecules in the critical cluster, and the particle formation rate. If the critical cluster contains only one sulfuric acid molecule, a simple formula for kinetic particle formation can be used: this threshold has also been parameterized. The parameterization for electrically neutral particle formation is valid for the following ranges: temperatures 165-400K, sulfuric acid concentrations 10(4)-10(13)cm(-3), and relative humidities 0.001-100%. The ion-induced particle formation parameterization is valid for temperatures 195-400K, sulfuric acid concentrations 10(4)-10(16)cm(-3), and relative humidities 10(-5)-100%. The new parameterizations are thus applicable for the full range of conditions in the Earth's atmosphere relevant for binary sulfuric acid-water particle formation, including both tropospheric and stratospheric conditions. They are also suitable for describing particle formation in the atmosphere of Venus.
Subject: particle formation
atmospheres
STRATOSPHERIC AEROSOL LAYER
CONDENSATIONAL VENUS CLOUD
CLIMATE MODEL ECHAM5-HAM
GALACTIC COSMIC-RAYS
ATMOSPHERIC NUCLEATION
HYDRATE FORMATION
FORMATION RATES
BOREAL FOREST
MICROPHYSICS
SENSITIVITY
114 Physical sciences
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