Trends in Diagnosis-Specific Work Disability Before and After Stroke : A Longitudinal Population-Based Study in Sweden

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233959

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Lallukka , T , Ervasti , J , Lundström , E , Mittendorfer-Rutz , E , Friberg , E , Virtanen , M & Alexanderson , K 2018 , ' Trends in Diagnosis-Specific Work Disability Before and After Stroke : A Longitudinal Population-Based Study in Sweden ' , Journal of the American Heart Association , vol. 7 , no. 1 , 006991 . https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.117.006991

Title: Trends in Diagnosis-Specific Work Disability Before and After Stroke : A Longitudinal Population-Based Study in Sweden
Author: Lallukka, Tea; Ervasti, Jenni; Lundström, Erik; Mittendorfer-Rutz, Ellenor; Friberg, Emilie; Virtanen, Marianna; Alexanderson, Kristina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2018-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: Journal of the American Heart Association
ISSN: 2047-9980
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233959
Abstract: Background-Although a stroke event often leads to work disability, diagnoses behind work disability before and after stroke are largely unknown. We examined the pre-event and postevent trends in diagnosis-specific work disability among patients of working age. Methods and Results-We included all new nonfatal stroke events in 2006-2008 from population-based hospital registers in Sweden among women and men aged 25 to 60 years (n=12 972). Annual days of diagnosis-specific work disability were followed for 4 years before and after stroke. Repeated measures negative binomial regression models using the generalized estimating equations method were fitted to examine trends in diagnosis-specific work disability before and after the event. Already during the 4 pre-event years, work disability attributed to circulatory diseases increased among women (rate ratio, 1.99; 95% confidence interval, 1.68-2.36) and men (rate ratio, 2.20; 95% confidence interval, 1.88-2.57). Increasing trends before stroke were also found for work disability attributed to mental disorders, musculoskeletal diseases, neoplasms, diseases of the nervous, respiratory, and digestive systems, injuries, and diabetes mellitus. As expected, a sharp increase in work disability days attributed to circulatory diseases was found during the first year after the event among both sexes. Overall, during 4 years after the stroke, there was a decreasing trend for circulatory diseases and injuries, whereas the trend was increasing for nervous diseases and diabetes mellitus. Conclusions-Work disability attributed to several mental and somatic diagnoses is higher already before a stroke event.
Subject: chronic disease
cohort study
population studies
registry
sick leave
stroke
work disability
SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES
SICK-LEAVE
HEALTH
COMORBIDITY
RISK
RETIREMENT
REGISTER
DISEASE
PEOPLE
ADULTS
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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