Environmental Intolerance, Symptoms and Disability Among Fertile-Aged Women

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233963

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Vuokko , A , Karvala , K , Lampi , J , Keski-Nisula , L , Pasanen , M , Voutilainen , R , Pekkanen , J & Sainio , M 2018 , ' Environmental Intolerance, Symptoms and Disability Among Fertile-Aged Women ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 15 , no. 2 , 293 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15020293

Title: Environmental Intolerance, Symptoms and Disability Among Fertile-Aged Women
Author: Vuokko, Aki; Karvala, Kirsi; Lampi, Jussi; Keski-Nisula, Leea; Pasanen, Markku; Voutilainen, Raimo; Pekkanen, Juha; Sainio, Markku
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
Date: 2018-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1660-4601
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/233963
Abstract: The purpose was to study the prevalence of environmental intolerance (EI) and its different manifestations, including behavioral changes and disability. Fertile-aged women (n = 680) of the Kuopio Birth Cohort Study were asked about annoyance to 12 environmental factors, symptoms and behavioral changes. We asked how much the intolerance had disrupted their work, household responsibilities or social life. We chose intolerance attributed to chemicals, indoor molds, and electromagnetic fields to represent typical intolerance entities. Of the respondents, 46% reported annoyance to chemicals, molds, or electromagnetic fields. Thirty-three percent reported symptoms relating to at least one of these three EIs, 18% reported symptoms that included central nervous system symptoms, and 15% reported behavioral changes. Indicating disability, 8.4% reported their experience relating to any of the three EIs as at least "somewhat difficult", 2.2% "very difficult" or "extremely difficult", and 0.9% "extremely difficult". Of the latter 2.2%, all attributed their intolerance to indoor molds, and two thirds also to chemicals. As the number of difficulties increased, the number of organ systems, behavioral changes and overlaps of the three EIs also grew. EI is a heterogeneous phenomenon and its prevalence depends on its definition. The manifestations of EI form a continuum, ranging from annoyance to severe disability.
Subject: idiopathic environmental intolerance
multiple chemical sensitivity
sick building syndrome
electromagnetic hypersensitivity
SICK-BUILDING SYNDROME
MULTIPLE CHEMICAL-SENSITIVITY
POPULATION-BASED SURVEY
GENERAL-POPULATION
RISK-FACTORS
FOLLOW-UP
PREVALENCE
SWEDISH
HEALTH
ODOR
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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