Generation of membrane-bound catechol-O-methyl transferase deficient mice with disctinct sex dependent behavioral phenotype.

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Tammimäki , A E , Aonurm-Helm , A , Zhang , F-P , Poutanen , M , Duran Torres , G , Garcia Horsman , J A & Männistö , P T 2016 , ' Generation of membrane-bound catechol-O-methyl transferase deficient mice with disctinct sex dependent behavioral phenotype. ' , Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology , vol. 67 , no. 6 , pp. 827-842 . < http://www.jpp.krakow.pl/journal/archive/12_16/pdf/827_12_16_article.pdf >

Title: Generation of membrane-bound catechol-O-methyl transferase deficient mice with disctinct sex dependent behavioral phenotype.
Author: Tammimäki, Anne Emilia; Aonurm-Helm, Anu; Zhang, Fu-Ping; Poutanen, M.; Duran Torres, Gilberto; Garcia Horsman, Juan Arturo; Männistö, Pekka Topias
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Pharmacy
University of Helsinki, Regenerative pharmacology group
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Pharmacy
Date: 2016-12-31
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
ISSN: 0867-5910
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/234138
Abstract: Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) has two isoforms: soluble (S-COMT), which resides in the cytoplasm, and membrane-bound (MB-MT), anchored to intracellular membranes. COMT is involved in the O-methylation of L-DOPA, dopamine and other catechols. The exact role of MB-COMT is still mostly unclear. We wanted to create a novel genetically modified mouse model that specifically lacks MB-COMT activity and to study their behavioral phenotype. MB-COMT knock-in mutant mice were generated by introducing two point mutations in exon 2 of the Comt gene (ATGCTG->GAGCTC disabling the function of the P2 promoter and allowing only the P1-regulated S-COMT transcription. The first mutation changes methionine to glutamic acid whereas the second one does not affect coding. The expression of the two COMT isoforms, total COMT activity in several areas of the brain and peripheral tissues and extracellular dopamine concentrations after L-DOPA (10 mg/kg) and carbidopa (30 mg/kg) subcutaneous administration were assessed. A battery of behavioral tests was performed to compare MB-COMT deficient mice and their wild type littermates of both sexes. MB-COMT deficient mice were seemingly normal, bred usually and had unaltered COMT activity in the brain and periphery despite a complete lack of the MB-COMT protein. MB-COMT deficient male mice showed higher extracellular dopamine levels than their wild-type littermates in the striatum, but not in the mPFC. In addition, the MB-COMT deficient male mice exhibited a distinct endophenotype characterized by schizophrenia-related behaviors like aggressive behavior and reduced prepulse inhibition. They also had prolonged immobility in the tail suspension test. Both sexes were sensitized to acute pain and had normal motor activity but disturbed short-term memory. Hence the behavioral phenotype was not limited to schizophrenia-related endophenotype and some behavioural findings were not sex-dependent. Our findings indicate that MB-COMT is critical for behavior, and its function in COMT-dependent brain areas cannot be entirely substituted by the remaining S-COMT.
Subject: 1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
catechol-O-methyl transferase
membrane-bound catechol-O-methyl transferase
BEHAVIOR
PAIN SENSITIVITY
317 Pharmacy
neuropharmacology
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