Habitat quality is more important than matrix quality for bird communities in protected areas

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dc.contributor.author Hakkila, Matti
dc.contributor.author Abrego, Nerea
dc.contributor.author Ovaskainen, Otso
dc.contributor.author Monkkonen, Mikko
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-17T07:58:01Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-17T07:58:01Z
dc.date.issued 2018-04
dc.identifier.citation Hakkila , M , Abrego , N , Ovaskainen , O & Monkkonen , M 2018 , ' Habitat quality is more important than matrix quality for bird communities in protected areas ' , Ecology and Evolution , vol. 8 , no. 8 , pp. 4019-4030 . https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3923
dc.identifier.other PURE: 106954879
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 1381eaa3-5987-4726-94bf-15540d2fc4f6
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000430807200019
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 85044393098
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/235197
dc.description.abstract Protected areas are meant to preserve native local communities within their boundaries, but they are not independent from their surroundings. Impoverished habitat quality in the matrix might influence the species composition within the protected areas through biotic homogenization. The aim of this study was to determine the impacts of matrix quality on species richness and trait composition of bird communities from the Finnish reserve area network and whether the communities are being subject of biotic homogenization due to the lowered quality of the landscape matrix. We used joint species distribution modeling to study how characteristics of the Finnish forest reserves and the quality of their surrounding matrix alter species and trait compositions of forest birds. The proportion of old forest within the reserves was the main factor in explaining the bird community composition, and the bird communities within the reserves did not strongly depend on the quality of the matrix. Yet, in line with the homogenization theory, the beta-diversity within reserves embedded in low-quality matrix was lower than that in high-quality matrix, and the average abundance of regionally abundant species was higher. Influence of habitat quality on bird community composition was largely explained by the species' functional traits. Most importantly, the community specialization index was low, and average body size was high in areas with low proportion of old forest. We conclude that for conserving local bird communities in northern Finnish protected forests, it is currently more important to improve or maintain habitat quality within the reserves than in the surrounding matrix. Nevertheless, we found signals of bird community homogenization, and thus, activities that decrease the quality of the matrix are a threat for bird communities. en
dc.format.extent 12
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Ecology and Evolution
dc.rights cc_by
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject beta-diversity
dc.subject biotic homogenization
dc.subject bird community
dc.subject boreal forest
dc.subject community composition
dc.subject protected areas
dc.subject DIVERSITY
dc.subject EXTINCTION
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
dc.subject 415 Other agricultural sciences
dc.title Habitat quality is more important than matrix quality for bird communities in protected areas en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Research Centre for Ecological Change
dc.contributor.organization Spatial Foodweb Ecology Group
dc.contributor.organization Department of Agricultural Sciences
dc.contributor.organization Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme
dc.contributor.organization Otso Ovaskainen / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Biosciences
dc.contributor.organization Plant Production Sciences
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3923
dc.relation.issn 2045-7758
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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