Graphitization of amorphous carbon by swift heavy ion impacts : Molecular dynamics simulation

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Kupka , K , Leino , A A , Ren , W , Vazquez , H , Åhlgren , E H , Nordlund , K , Tomut , M , Trautmann , C , Kluth , P , Toulemonde , M & Djurabekova , F 2018 , ' Graphitization of amorphous carbon by swift heavy ion impacts : Molecular dynamics simulation ' , Diamond and Related Materials , vol. 83 , pp. 134-140 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diamond.2018.01.015

Title: Graphitization of amorphous carbon by swift heavy ion impacts : Molecular dynamics simulation
Author: Kupka, K.; Leino, A. A.; Ren, W.; Vazquez, H.; Åhlgren, E. H.; Nordlund, K.; Tomut, M.; Trautmann, C.; Kluth, P.; Toulemonde, M.; Djurabekova, F.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2018-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Diamond and Related Materials
ISSN: 0925-9635
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/235219
Abstract: Stable C-C bonds existing in several sp hybridizations place carbon thin films of different structural compositions among the materials most tolerant to radiation damage, for applications in extreme environments. One of such applications, solid state electron stripper foils for heavy-ion accelerators, requires the understanding of the structural changes induced by high-energy ion irradiation. Tolerance of carbon structure to radiation damage, thermal effects and stress waves due to swift heavy ion impacts defines the lifetime and operational efficiency of the foils. In this work, we analyze the consequences of a single swift heavy ion impact on two different amorphous carbon structures by means of molecular dynamic simulations. The structures are constructed by using two different recipes to exclude the correlation of the evolution of sp2-to-sp3 hybridization with the initial condition. Both initial structures contain approximately 60% of sp2-bonded carbon atoms, however, with different degree of clustering of atoms with sp3 hybridization. We simulate the swift heavy ion impact employing an instantaneous inelastic thermal spike model. The analysis of changes in density, bonding content and the number and size of carbon primitive rings reveals graphitization of the material within the ion track, with higher degree of disorder in the core and more order in the outer shell. Simulated track dimensions are comparable to those observed in small angle x-ray scattering measurements of evaporation-deposited amorphous carbon stripper foils irradiated by 1.14 GeV U ions.
Subject: DIAMOND-LIKE-CARBON
STRIPPER FOILS
FIELD-EMISSION
FILMS
TRACKS
CONDUCTIVITY
IRRADIATION
DEPOSITION
METALS
DAMAGE
114 Physical sciences
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