Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood-Longitudinal associations with cardiac structure and function : The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS)

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Laitinen , T T , Ruohonen , S , Juonala , M , Magnussen , C G , Mikkila , V , Mikola , H , Hutri-Kahonen , N , Laitinen , T , Tossavainen , P , Jokinen , E , Niinikoski , H , Jula , A , Viikari , J S A , Ronnemaa , T , Raitakari , O T & Pahkala , K 2017 , ' Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood-Longitudinal associations with cardiac structure and function : The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS) ' , International Journal of Cardiology , vol. 230 , pp. 304-309 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.117

Title: Ideal cardiovascular health in childhood-Longitudinal associations with cardiac structure and function : The Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS)
Author: Laitinen, Tomi T.; Ruohonen, Saku; Juonala, Markus; Magnussen, Costan G.; Mikkila, Vera; Mikola, Hanna; Hutri-Kahonen, Nina; Laitinen, Tomi; Tossavainen, Paivi; Jokinen, Eero; Niinikoski, Harri; Jula, Antti; Viikari, Jorma S. A.; Ronnemaa, Tapani; Raitakari, Olli T.; Pahkala, Katja
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital





Date: 2017-03-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: International Journal of Cardiology
ISSN: 0167-5273
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.12.117
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/235482
Abstract: Background: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association, is associated with incident cardiovascular disease in adults. However, association of the ideal CVH in childhood with current and future cardiac structure and function has not been studied. Methods and results: The sample comprised 827 children participating in the longitudinal Special Turku Coronary Risk Factor Intervention Project (STRIP) and The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study (YFS). In STRIP, complete data on the seven ideal CVH metrics and left ventricular (LV) mass measured with echocardiography were available at the age of 15 (n= 321), 17 (n= 309) and 19 (n= 283) years. In YFS, the cohort comprised children aged 12-18 years (n = 506) with complete ideal CVH metrics data from childhood and 25 years later in adulthood, and echocardiography performed in adulthood. In STRIP, ideal CVH score was inversely associated with LV mass during childhood (P = 0.036). In YFS, childhood ideal CVH score was inversely associated with LV mass, LV end-diastolic volume, E/e' ratio, and left atrium end-systolic volume in adulthood (all P <0.01). In addition, improvement of the ideal CVH score between childhood and adulthood was inversely associated with LV mass, LV end-diastolic volume, E/e' ratio, and left atrium end-systolic volume (all P Conclusions: Childhood ideal CVH score has a long-lasting effect on cardiac structure and function, and the association is evident already in childhood. Our findings support targeting the ideal CVHmetrics as part of primordial prevention of cardiovascular diseases. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: Left ventricular mass
Risk factors
Diastolic dysfunction
Echocardiography
Cardiovascular disease prevention
LEFT-VENTRICULAR MASS
LIFE-STYLE INTERVENTION
INTIMA-MEDIA THICKNESS
INFANCY-ONSET DIETARY
MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
EUROPEAN-ASSOCIATION
METABOLIC SYNDROME
AMERICAN-SOCIETY
EARLY ADULTHOOD
COHORT PROFILE
3121 Internal medicine
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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