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Phonetic tone signals quantity and word structure

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Title: Phonetic tone signals quantity and word structure
Author: Vainio, Martti; Järvikivi, Juhani; Aalto, Daniel; Suni, Antti
Citation: Vainio , M , Järvikivi , J , Aalto , D & Suni , A 2010 , ' Phonetic tone signals quantity and word structure ' , Journal of the Acoustical Society of America , vol 128 , no. 3 , pp. 1313-1321 .
Belongs to series: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
ISSN: 0001-4966
Abstract: Many languages exploit suprasegmental devices in signaling word meaning. Tone languages exploit fundamental frequency whereas quantity languages rely on segmental durations to distinguish otherwise similar words. Traditionally, duration and tone have been taken as mutually exclusive. However, some evidence suggests that, in addition to durational cues, phonological quantity is associated with and co-signaled by changes in fundamental frequency in quantity languages such as Finnish, Estonian, and Serbo-Croat. The results from the present experiment show that the structure of disyllabic word stems in Finnish are indeed signaled tonally and that the phonological length of the stressed syllable is further tonally distinguished within the disyllabic sequence. The results further indicate that the observed association of tone and duration in perception is systematically exploited in speech production in Finnish.
Peer review status: Peer reviewed
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/23570
Date: 2010-09-01

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